Pictures and Illustrations.

Robert Fergus.


Fergus' Chicago Directory, 1839.

Alphabetical Listing of Workers.

Abbott, S. S., teamster, bds John Gray
Abel, Ralph, clerk, post-office, 37 Clark street
Abel, Sidney, Postmaster, office 37 Clark st
Achers, Simon, st. sub-contractor, Legg st. near Lill's brewery
Adams, George, butcher,
Adams, William, carpenter,
Adams, Wm. H., surveying, mapping, etc., Lake street
Adams & Co., Wm. H., boot and shoe dealers, 138 Lake street
Adsit, James M., carpenter, Monroe street, near Dearborn
Aiken, Samuel, shoemaker, Sangamon street
Albee, Cyrus P., butcher, Funk's market, cor. Lake & Dearborn
Allen, D. W. C., constable, bds Chicago Hotel.
Allen, Daniel, carpenter and joiner
Allen, Edward R., druggist, Leroy M. Boyce
Allen, Capt. James, steamboat builder, bds Lake House
Allen, James P., lumber dealer, So. Water st, foot of Franklin
Allen, John P., boot and shoemaker, North Water street
Allen, William, saloon, North Canal street south of Kinzie
Allison, Robert, house carpenter, Pine street near Michigan
Anderson, Asle, musician, North State street
Anderson, Endre, laborer, North State street
Anderson, Eric, pressman, North State street
Andrews, David, tailor, north side
Andrews, William, tailor, north side
Andrus & Doyle, grocery and provisions. South Water st
Andrus, Loomis, Andrus & Doyle
Armstrong, Thomas, clerk, Gurdon S. Hubbard & Co.
Armstrong, William, clerk, G. S. Hubbard & Co.
Arnold, Isaac N., attorney and counsellor at law, Clark street
Arnold, J. M., carpenter, Madison street, 2d ward
Archdale, John, contractor, s.-west cor. Randolph and LaSalle
Archdale, jr., John, contractor, bds. John Archdale
Atwood, J. M., house, sign, and ornamental painter, Randolph
Austin, Dr. Wm. H., Dodge & Austin, Lake street
Avery, Charles E., lumber dealer, cor. LaSalle and So. Water
Avery, William, canal contractor, bds Lake House
Avery & Larrabee, commission merchants, South Water street
Ayres (Mahlon) & Iliff, dry goods, groceries, etc., Lake street


Bailey, Bennett, carpenter and builder
Bailey, Henry, house mover, with Chester Tupper
Bailey, Amos, carpenter and surveyor Bailey, Joseph, carpenter,
Baimbridge, George, teamster, Chicago ave. near Cass street
Baker, Asahel, carpenter,
Baker, Franklin, clerk,
Baker, Hiram, attorney and real estate agent
Baker, Perry, capitalist, bds. Michigan ave.
Baldwin, Wm. A., canal contractor, bds Tremont House
Ball, Lebbus, steamboat runner
Ballantine, David, canal contractor
Balestier, Joseph N., attorney and counsellor at law, 24 Clark st
Ballingall, Patrick, attorney at law, Lake st
Bancroft, J. W. & Co., Lake Street Coffee House, 135-7 Lake st
Bandle, Willis, blacksmith, Asahel Pierce
Bannon, Andrew, boarding house, cor. Randolph and Franklin
Barber, Jabez, lumber merchant, Market street near Randolph
Barnes, Hamilton, carpenter, West Madison street
Barnum, Truman, teamster, North Dearborn street cor. Indiana
Bartell, Thomas, saloon,
Barth, Nicholas, saloon and boarding-house, Randolph street
Bascom, Rev. Flavel, pastor First Presbyterian Church
Basset, George, hostler, City Hotel stables
Batcheller, Ezra, clerk, Mosely & McCord
Bates (A. S.) & Morgan (Caleb), cabinet makers and undertakers, 199 Lake st
Bates, Mrs. A. S., milliner, Wells st near Lake
Bates, jr., John, auctioneer, Lake street
Bates, Jacob R., clerk, Mansion House Bates, —, plasterer, bds "Rat's-castle" Baumgarten, Charles, carpenter, Illinois street near North State
Baumgarten, Christopher, carpenter, Illinois street nr. N. State.
Baumgarten, John, clerk, bds. Illinois street near North State
Baumgarten, Morris, Illinois street, near North State
Baumgarten, jr., Morris, carpenter, Illinois street near N. State
Bay, Jean Baptiste, laborer, Randolph st alley, near Fifth ave
Bay, Joseph, laborer, Randolph street alley, near Fifth ave
Beach, John, canal contractor, Randolph st, east of Dearborn
Bazley, Caleb, merchant and contractor, So. Water nr LaSalle
Beach, James S., printer, with E. H. Rudd
Beach, Oscar L., County Clerk's office
Beardsley, Capt., schooner Constitution
Beaubien, Charles H., violinist
Beaubien, John B., Michigan ave., bet. Lake and Sts. Water sts
Beaubien, Mark, hotel-keeper, Lake st
Beaubien, Medard B,, merchant, South Water street
Beaumont (Geo. A. O.) & Skinner (Mark), attorneys and counsellors at law, Clark st cor. Lake
Bebb, Maurice, teamster, Wm. Lill
Beecher, Jerome, boot, shoe, and leather dealer, 160 Lake st
Beers, Cyrenus, Botsford & Beers Beidler, Jacob, lumber merchant,
Bell, James, landscape gardener, 4th ward


Bennett, Henry, speculator, bds Illinois Exchange
Bennett, Samuel C., school-teacher, State street, cor. Madison
Bennett, Mary, assistant S. C. Bennett
Bennett, William, soap boiler
Benthune, Antoine, Parisian dyer, N. Water st. nr N. Dearborn
Benton, Lewis, speculator
Berdel, Nicholas, musician, Washington st
Berg, Adam, boarding-house, LaSalle st, near Lake
Berg, Anton; teamster,
Berg, Henry, teamster,
Berg, John, drayman,
Berg, Joseph, saddle and harness maker, Chas. E. Peck
Berkinbile, Christian Henry, carpenter, Government works
Berry, B. A. & Co., dry goods and grocery store. So. Water st
Berry, Francis, carpenter,
Bething, Antoine, dyer and scourer, North Water street
Betts, Dr. J. T., residence and office, Michigan st
Bickerdike, George, farmer, West Indiana st
Bingham, Chas. K., Frink, Bingham & Co., 123 Lake street
Bishop, James E., canal contractor, Illinois street
Bishop, Thomas, bookkeeper, Philo Carpenter
Bishop, Thomas, farmer,
Bigelow, Henry W., dry goods, powder, etc., 136 Lake st
Bigelow, Liberty, lottery ticket dealer, 150 1/2 Lake street
Bird, Edward, contractor, bds. J. Outhet
Black, Francis, auctioneer, Stanton & Black
Blackie, Andrew, stair-builder
Blackman, Edwin, clerk, H. H. Magie & Co.
Blanchard, Francis G., real estate dealer, Lake street
Blanchard, Joseph, carpenter and builder, Blair, George, tailor, (Manierre & Blair) h 260 State st
Blakesley, Harvey A., bookkeeper, L. W. Holmes
Blasy, Barnhard, baker, Randolph st
Blatchford, Rev. John, Presbyterian Church, Clark street
Bliss, Charles, carpenter, State street
Blodgett, Caleb, brick maker, North Water street near N. Wells
Blodgett, Henry W., clerk, Philip F. W. Peck
Blodgett, Tyler K., tavern-keeper, Michigan ave
Boardman, Dr. Henry K. W., Clark street
Boggs, Charles T., carpenter, Webster & Boggs
Bolles, Nathan H., county commissioner, overseer poor, Lake st
Bolles, Peter, school inspector, Wells st near Randolph
Bond, Heman, horse dealer, Adams st near State
Bond, Harvey, stage-driver
Bond, James, painter,
Bond, William, laborer,
Boone, Levi D., physician, State street, cor. Washington st
Boes, John, house mover, cor. River and South Water street
Bosworth, Increase, Edwards & Bosworth
Borein, Rev. Peter R., pastor Methodist Church, Washington st
Botsford & Beers, copper, tin and sheetiron, cor. Lake & Dearborn
Botsford, Jabez K., Botsford & Beers
Botsford, Moss, clerk, Botsford & Beers
Bowen, Erastus, city collector, So. Water st, cor. Michigan ave.


Bowen, Henry, wagon maker, Wabash ave. near Randolph st
Boyce, L. M., wholesale druggist and apothecary, 121 Lake st
Boyer, Charles, clerk, on the canal
Boyer, John K., coroner, South Water street near Clark
Boyer, Dr. Valentine A., South Water st near Clark
Boyer, Robert, canal contractor, Boyd & Zell
Boyland, William, carpenter, VanBuren street, near LaSalle
Bracken, John, canal contractor, Canal street near Randolph
Brackett, Wm. W., city clerk, court house, Clark st
Bradley, Asa F., city surveyor, Morrison's Row, Clark street
Bradley, Cyrus P., check clerk, H. Norton & Co.'s warehouse
Bradley, David, plow maker, Asahel Pierce
Bradley, David M., foreman Chicago Democrat, 107 Lake st
Bradley, Timothy M., check clerk, Norton & Co.'s warehouse
Brady, George, constable, alley bet. North Water and Kinzie st
Brainard, Dr. Daniel, 17 Dearborn st
Brand, Alex., banker, (Murray & Brand)
Breese, Josiah S., Taylor, Breese & Co.
Breese, Robert, clerk, James Hervey
Bridges, Thomas B., carpenter, bds Philo Carpenter
Briggs & Humphrey, carriage and wagon makers, Randolph st
Briggs, Benjamin, wagon-maker, Briggs & Humphrey
Brinkerhoff, Dr. John, 49 Clark st
Bristol, Calvin, canal contractor
Bristol, Capt. Levi, schooner Jefferson
Bristol (Robt. C.) & Porter (Hibbard), agents for C. M. Reed, forward. commission merchants, cor. State and So. Water sts
Brock, John, clerk, John Parker
Brock, Mrs. Mary, millinery and straw bonnets, Lake street
Brock, Michael, carpenter, Lake street near Franklin
Brock, Thomas, ex-justice of peace, cor. Madison and Clark
Brookes, Henry, clerk, bds. Samuel Brookes
Brookes, Joshua, clerk, Stephen F. Gale
Brookes, Samuel, florist, Adams street near Dearborn
Brookes, Samuel M., portrait painter, Adams street
Brooks, Charles, clerk, B. T. Hunt
Brooks, Capt. —, schooner Jessie Smith
Brooks, James, carpenter, Peter Graff
Brooks, Thomas, tailor, (McCracken & Brooks)
Brooks, William, carpenter and joiner
Brown, Andrew J., student, Henry Brown
Brown, George, chair maker, Lake street, near Franklin
Brown, Henry, attorney and counsellor at law, Clark st
Brown, John, porter, Illinois Exchange
Brown, Joseph E., carpenter and builder, Clark st near Jackson
Brown, Lemuel, blacksmith, Randolph street near Dearborn
Brown, Nathaniel J., canal contractor
Brown, Rufus B., warehouseman, Bristol & Porter
Brown, William H., cashier, Branch State Bank Illinois, LaSalle st cor. So. Water
Brown, Charles E., clerk, Horatio O. Stone
Bruce, Duncan,
Buchannan, Nelson, druggist, W. H. & A. F. Clarke


Buck, Henry, boarding-house, Michigan ave. near Washington st
Burbeck, Isaac, butcher, Hovey & Burbeck
Burgess, John, wagon maker, Randolph st, east of Wells
Burke, Charles, actor, Chicago Theatre,
Burke, M., tender South Branch bridge
Burkett, Thomas, drayman
Burley, Arthur G., crockery, stone, and earthenware, 161 Lake
Burley, Augustus H., clerk, Stephen F. Gale
Burley, Charles, clerk, Stephen F. Gale
Burnum, Ambrose, canal contractor
Burnett, John, drayman, Illinois st. east of Pine
Burton, Tohn, gardener, North Dearborn st, near North ave
Burton, Horace, clerk,
Burton, Stiles, grocer and liquor dealer, cor. Lake and State sts
Busch, John B., blacksmith and horseshoer, 16 Clark st
Bush, William, clerk, Charles Walker & Co.
Butler, John H., carpenter, 154 Clark street
Butler, Nathaniel, tinner,
Butterfield, Justin, attorney and counsellor at law, 46 Dearborn st res. Michigan st. cor. Rush.
Butterfield, jr., Justin, law student, Butterfield & Collins
Butterfield, George, bds Justin Butterfield
Butterfield, Lyman, Columbian House, Wells st cor. S. Water
Butterfield, William, medical student, bds Justin Butterfield
Butterfield, J. Carver, compositor, Daily American office
Buzzard, Solomon, wood merchant, West Kinzie street
Byrnes, Michael, hostler, Tremont House

Caldwell, Billy, North Branch Chicago river, 5th ward
Caldwell, Caleb, teamster, North side
Caldwell, Philemus, teamster, North side
Calhoun, Alvin, carpenter and builder, 58 Randolph st
Calhoun, John, county collector, Eddy's store, 105 Lake st
Campbell, George, Goodsell & Campbell
Campbell, George L., clerk, Capt. John B. F. Russell
Campbell, James, carpenter and builder, State st
Campbell, James, compositor, Daily American office
Campbell, John, whitewasher and laborer, Ohio st. near LaSalle
Campbell, Major James B., real estate agent, North Clark street
Canda, Florimond, farmer, North Wells street
Carl, Paul, candies and notions, South Water st. near Wells
Carlin, Philip, blacksmith, Frink & Walker
Carling, John, clerk, James Killick
Carling, William, carpenter, bds. J. Outhet
Carney, James, grocery and provision store, 133 Lake st
Carney, Patrick, laborer, Carney's boarding-house
Carpenter, Job, gardener, 554 West Lake st
Carpenter, Joseph, milkman, 570 West Lake st
Carpenter, Philo, druggist and apothecary, South Water st
Carpenter, Samuel, ferryman at Clark street
Carpenter, William, grocer, 578 West Lake st
Carr, William and Samuel, bakers, North Water street
Carroll, Edward, drayman, Michigan street


Carter & Co., Thomas B., fancy dry goods, etc., 118 Lake st
Carver, Capt. David
Case, Capt. Calvin, shipbuilder, bds. Henry Wolcott
Casey, Edward, clerk, Stanton & Black
Casey, John, bricklayer, cor. Market and Washington streets
Casey, Patrick, waiter, Mansion House
Casey, Peter, clerk, Stanton & Black
Casey, Stephen, driver, Eli S. Prescott
Cassaday, Patrick E., surveyor, bds. Green Tree
Caswell, Sidney, cabinet maker, John B. Weir
Caton, John D., attorney at law, Clark street
Cauker, Mat., Steamboat Hotel, North Water st. near Kinzie
Cavanaugh, Martin, laborer, North Water street near Franklin
Chacksfield, George, grocery and provision store, South Water near Clark st
Chamberlaine, J. S., attorney, (Hamilton & Chamberlaine)
Chandler, Joseph, harbor Government works
Chapin, John P., commission merchant, South Water st
Chapin, Orlando, boarding-house, Clark street
Chapman, Charles H., real estate dealer, Randolph street
Chapman, George H., real estate dealer
Chapman, William W., clerk,
Chapron, A., laborer, North Water street near Market
Chapron, Francis, gardener, West Water street, north end
Charleston, Charles, carpenter, North State street
Childs, Shubael D., engraver, Saloon Buildings, Clark street
Choulet, Michael, carpenter, Alex. Loyd
Christy, Nathan, fisherman, North Canal street near W. Lake
Church, Edward, clerk, Charles Walker & Co.
Church, Thomas, grocery and provision store, 111 Lake st
Church & Sheldon, dry goods and groceries, 158 Lake street
Church, William L., (Church & Sheldon)
Churchill, Jesse, herdsman,
Clarke, Abram F., druggist, W. H. & A. F. Clarke
Clark, Francis, clerk, Geo. W. Merrell
Clarke, Dr. Henry, 159 Lake street
Clarke, George P., druggist, Wm. H. & Abram F. Clarke
Clarke, George W., surveyor, on the canal
Clarke, Henry B., Michigan ave, cor, 16th street
Clarke, Henry W., attorney at law, 9 Clark street
Clark, John. (Hobbie & Clark)
Clark, Lewis W., lottery and exchange broker, 150 1/2 Lake st
Clarke, Norman, dealer in land claims, etc.
Clarke, Samuel C., druggist
Clark, Thomas A., dry goods, Lake street near Clark
Clarke, Wm. H. & Abram F., wholesale druggists and apothecaries, 128 Lake street cor. Clark
Claus, Joseph, harbor Government works
Claus & Teetard, cabinet makers, 20 LaSalle st.
Cleveland & Co., house, sign, ornamental painters, Dearborn st
Cleaver, Charles, candle and soap factory, on South Branch
Cleaver, Thomas B., soapmaker, Charles Cleaver
Clifford, Thomas, carpenter, Lake street bet Clark and LaSalle


Clybourn, Archibald, farmer and cattle-dealer, 512 Elston ave
Cobb, Silas B., saddle, harness, and trunk maker, 171 Lake st
Coffin J. W. C., dry goods, etc., South Water st. near LaSalle
Cogshall, Rev. Selah W., school-teacher, Market street
Cohen, Peter, merchant, South Water street
Cole, A., ship, house, sign, and ornamental painter, 129 Lake st
Cole, Parker M., dry goods and groceries, Lake street
Coleman, Ira, foreman, Daniel Taylor
Collins, George, (S. B. Collins & Co.)
Collins, George C., school-teacher, Lake street
Collins, Isaac, boot and shoe dealer, S. B. Collins &, Co.
Collins, Jas. H., attorney and counsellor at law, 46 Dearborn st
Collins, John, boot and shoemaker, Canal street near VanBuren
Collins, John, 6th ward
Collins, Samuel B. & Co., boots, shoes, and leather, 140 Lake
Colvin, Edwin B., doors and sash, cor. N. Water &, N. Dearborn
Conklin, J., blacksmith, carriage and wagon repairer, 47 Clark st
Conley, John, teamster, North Water st near LaSalle
Connell, J., laborer, Dearborn street bridge
Constantine, Pat., laborer, Illinois street near North LaSalle
Cook, Alfred, speculator, bds Illinois Exchange
Cook, C. W., Illinois Exchange, 192-6 Lake st, cor. Wells st
Cook, George C., clerk, Thomas Church
Cooke, Horatio N., turner, Franklin st
Cook, Isaac, Eagle saloon, 10 Dearborn st
Cook, John, baker, LaSalle street
Cook, John, tailor, John H. Hodgson
Cook, Thomas, teamster, Desplaines st near Monroe
Cooper, —, teamster,
Copp, Thomas, tailor, Lake street
Corrigan, William, drayman, South Water st,
Couch, Ira, hotel-keeper, Tremont House, n.-w. cor. Dearborn and Lake sts
Couch, Ira H, bds. Tremont House
Couch, James, Superintendent Tremont House
Countryman, —, farmer, West Randolph street
Cox, A. Jackson, tailor, 9 Clark st
Cox, David, hotel-keeper, cor. West Lake and North Canal sts
Cox, John, drayman, North Water street
Cram, Capt. T. J., U. S. topographical engineer, Garrison
Crane, Capt. Leander,
Crawford, George, canal contractor, Crawford & Hervey
Crawford & Hervey, dry goods and groceries, North Water st
Crawford, William, drayman, alley bt North Clark and LaSalle
Crocker, Hans, attorney at law,
Crosman, Perry L., Crosman & Mathes
Crosman & Mathes, commission, groceries, liquors, 156 Lake st
Cruver, John, carpenter, Cruver & Sensor
Culver, Charles, cooper, cor. North Union st and Milwaukee av
Cunningham, Henry, grocery, North Water st. cor. N. Dearborn
Cure, John, helper, Briggs & Humphrey
Cure, Peter, grocery and provision store, Randolph st
Curtiss, Eli, clerk,
Curtiss, James, attorney and counsellor at law, 175 Lake st


Cushmar & Morris, sign painters

Daly, Barry, drayman
Daly, John, carpenter, North Water street near Dearborn
Daly, Thomas, drayman, North side
Daniels, Horace, carriage-driver, Graves' livery stable
Darrow, Sidney L., milkman, Lake shore, south side
David, Wm., boot and shoe maker, 176 Lake street
Davidson, Lars, fireman, steamboat Geo. W. Dole
Davidson, Peter, hostler, John H. Kinzie
Davidson, Sivert, carpenter, Cass street, Dutch Settlement
Davis, Miss A., cloak maker and tailoress, 115 Lake st
Davis, D. M. P., horse-dealer, 159 Michigan ave
Davis, Elisha W., clerk, Stiles Burton
Davis, George, county clerk, 109 Lake st
Davis, Horace, grocer and provisions, South Water street
Davis, Joint, tailor, North Water street, near Kinzie
Davis, Samuel N., lime burner, State st, near Adams
Davis, Wm. H., deputy-sheriff and constable, So. Water st
Davis, Kinzie & Hyde, hardware, Kinzie street near Cass
Davlin, Edward, farmer and teamster
Davlin, John, auctioneer, s.-w. cor. Dearborn and So. Water sts
Day, William, boarding-house, LaSalle street near Lake st
Dean, Philip, teamster, Madison street, near Franklin
Dellicker, George L., grocer and provision store, 163 Lake st
Dempsey, John, boarding-house, North Water st. near Clark
Dennis, Samuel C., dry goods, Lake street near Clark
Densmore Eleazer W., clerk, R. P. & J. H. Woodworth
Detrich, Veit, match maker, cor. Division and North State sts
Dewey, Dennis S., chair and furniture maker, 139 Lake street
Dewey, Dr. E., druggist and apothecary, 22 Dearborn st
DeWolf, Calvin, law student, Spring & Goodrich
Dexter, Albert A., clerk, R. P. & J. H. Woodworth
Diamond, Martin, laborer, North Water street
Dickey, Hugh, T., attorney and counsellor at law, 8 Clark st
Dickey, James V., fanning mill factory, North Clinton st
Dickinson, Augustus, porter, City Hotel
Dimmick, Edward, painter, (Wayman & Dimmick)
Dinion, John, saloon and boarding-house, Franklin street
Dinmore, William, Dunn street
Diversy, Michael, milkman, Wm. Lill's brewery
Dixon, William, shipcarpenter, cor. N. Water and N. Dearborn
Dodge, Miss, school-teacher, Wells street
Dodge, Dupley, tailor, Clark street
Dodge & Tucker, ship chandlers and grocers, 147 South Water
Dodge, John C., Dodge & Tucker
Dodge, Lewis, carpenter
Dodge, Martin, salesman, lumber-yard, cor. N. Wells & Water
Dodge, Usual, carpenter,
Dodge & Austin, Drs., Lake street, west of Dearborn
Dodson, Christian B., contractor, West Lake street near Canal
Dodson, William S., contractor, West Lake street near Canal
Dole, George W., city treasurer, Michigan st
Dole, Lucius G., eye doctor,


Dolesey, Peter, saloon, Lake street
Dolton, George, tailor, North Water street
Doolittle, —, commission merchant, cor. Dearborn and S. Water
Donavan & Zell, auctioneers, South Water street
Doney, Jacob, cabinet maker, Michigan street near N. State
Donlin, John, grocery, North Clark street near N. Water
Donnelley, James M., carriage-driver, Graves' livery stable
Doty, Theodoras, deputy-sheriff, Randolph street near Clark
Dougall, Capt. Wm., schooner Drift
Downing, Thomas, butcher, Funk's market
Downs, Augustus G., clerk, Charles Walker & Co.
Doyle, Elias, Doyle, Tames H., meat market, 95 Lake street, Funk & Doyle
Doyle, Michael, Andrus & Doyle Doyle, Simon, tailor, junction of Kinzie and North Water sts
Doyle, Simon, cattle drover
Drury, Benjamin, miller, Gage's mill
Duck, Dr. Charles H.
Duffey, Pat., saloon, North Water street
Duffy, James, plasterer, and assessor, 5th ward
Duncan, Thomas, tailor, Clark street
Dunham, David, carpenter, North Water street cor. N. Clark
Dunlap, M. L., grocer, North Water street
Dunlap, William, clerk, lumber-yard
Dunlop, Hugh, carpenter and builder, Illinois st
Durand, Chas., attorney and counsellor at law, 149 Lake st
Durant, James T., (Guild & Durant)
Duryee, Charles H., mathematical school, Cass street nr. Illinois
Dwyer, Cornelius, laborer, North Water street
Dye, John, clerk, Lake street
Dyer (Chas. V.) & Boone (Lev; D.), Drs., office, 49 State street
Dyer, Thomas, commission merchant, South Water st

Eachus, Virgil H., tailor, Clark st
Eddy & Co., Ira B., hardware, stove, etc., 105 Lake street
Eddy, Devotion C., (Ira B. Eddy & Co.)
Edgel, Stephen M., real estate dealer, bds D. B. Heartt
Edwards, Alfred, grocery and provision store, North Water st
Edwards, Alfred, Edwards & Bosworth
Edwards, Francis, carpenter and joiner, 177 Lake st
Edwards & Bosworth, general store, South Water street
Edson, Robert, blacksmith, North Wells st.
Egan, Dr. William B., real estate dealer, bds. City Hotel
Eggleston, —, grocer and provisions, cor. Lake and Wells
Eldridge, Dr. John W., Clark st cor. S. Water, Loomis' Building
Elliott, James,
Ellis, Joel, butcher, Funk's Fulton market, 95 Lake street
Ellis, Samuel, milkman, south of 22d street, red barn on prairie
Ellithorpe, Albert C., fanning-mill factory, Monroe nr Franklin
Ellithorpe, Timothy C., compositor, Chicago Democrat office
Elston, Daniel, brickmaker, Elston road
Elston, Daniel T., student, Daniel Elston
Ely, Thomas, clerk, bds. Shakespeare Hotel
Emerson, Benjamin, milkman, Chicago ave. near Lill's brewery


Falch, Leonard, soap and candle maker, cor. LaSalle & Michigan
Farley, Alfred M., groceries and liquors, cor. Clark & S. Water
Farrell, Thomas, mason's laborer, 257 State st
Farwell, George, tinner, Ira B. Eddy & Bro.
Faxon & Co, general merchants, South Water street
Fennerty, John, fancy dry goods store, South Water street
Fennerty, James, with John Fennerty
Fennerty, Peter, auctioneer, John Davlin
Fergus, Robert, printer, 51 Clark street
Ferguson, Andrew, drayman, Wells st
Ferguson, James, Goodsell & Campbell
Ferson, Reed, farmer
Fillmore, Philetus, machinist, Stow's foundry
Finnemore, Richard, sawyer, North State st near North Water
Fischer, Peter H., wood turner, Franklin street near Randolph
Fitzgibbons, John, horse dealer, South Water street
Fitzgibbons, Patrick, drayman, River street
Fitzpatrick, John, laborer, cor. Chicago avenue and Rush street
Fitzsimmons, Michael, teamster, Michigan ave. cor. Congress
Fitzsimmons, Patrick, teamster, North Clark st. nr. North ave.
Flagg, Carlton, harness maker, Silas B. Cobb
Fleming, William, tailor, North Water st cor. North Dearborn
Flood, Capt. James
Flood, Capt. Peter, schooner Huron
Foley, Thomas, boot and shoemaker, Thomas Melvin
Follansbee, Alanson, grocery and provision store, 18 Dearborn st
Follansbee, Chas., grocery and provision store, 24 Dearborn st
Foot, David P., blacksmith, So. Water st
Foot, John P., blacksmith, Randolph street, near State
Foot, Star, teamster, Clark st cor. Monroe
Foot, , tinner, Botsford & Beers Ford, Bartley, boot and shoe maker, North Water st
Ford, Martin M., tanner, Clark street, n.e. cor. Nadison
Ford, William, baker, West Randolph street near the River
Fordham, Jared, boarding-house, LaSalle st, near Lake st
Forsyth, William, merchant, West Water street
Foster, Edward, general contractor, bds. Jas. West
Foster (Geo. F.) & Robb (Geo. A.), grocers and ship chandlers, cor. North Dearborn and North water sts
Foster, Dr. John H., Lake street
Fralich, Frederick, baker, John Pfund
Frank, William, carpenter, Cass street near White
Freeman, Robert, carpenter, Clark street cor. Monroe
Freeman, William, sexton, St. James' Church, Cass street
Freer, L. C. Paine, attorney at law, Clark st
French, Wm. Bailey, real estate, Clark street
Frink (John) & (C. K.) Bingham, stage office, 123 Lake street
Frink, jr., John, clerk, Frink & Walker
Frink, Harvey, clerk, Post Office
Fry, Philip, clerk, L. F. Lewis
Fuller, Andrew, clerk, Vibbard & Tripp
Fuller, Henry L., clerk, Recorder's office
Fullerton, Alex. N., lumber merchant, North Water st
Fullagher, George, clerk, George Chacksfield


Fullagher, Samuel, carpenter,
Fullagher, Thomas, clerk, Shakespeare Hotel
Funk & Doyle, butchers, Fulton and Illinois markets, 95 Lake street, and N. Water street, cor. North State
Funk, Absalom, Funk & Doyle, butchers
Funk, John, butcher, Absalom Funk
Funk, William, clerk, William Logan
Fussey, John, sawyer, West Monroe street cor. Canal

Gable, Peter, laborer, cor. Cass and Pearsons streets
Gage, George, surveyor, bds. John Gage
Gage, John, flour store, South Water st.; mill South Branch
Gage, Jared, flour dealer, South Water, bet. Clark and Dearborn
Gage, Leonard, milkman, Canal street near VanBuren
Gale, Abraham, 99 Lake street
Gale, Stephen F., bookseller and stationer, 159 Lake st, corner
Gale, Mrs. A., New York millinery store, 99 Lake st
Gallagher, William, butcher, North Water st
Gargen, Henry, laborer, cor. Rush and Pearsons streets
Garrett, Augustus, auctioneer, real estate, bds. Sauganash Hotel
Gates, Philetus W., machinist, 42-48 Canal street
Gaugler, Maurice, cabinetmaker, cor. Rush and Pearsons sts
Gavin, Edward, carpenter, Cass street near Kinzie
Gavin, Isaac R., Sheriff, Randolph st, n.-w. cor. Public Square
Gay, Dr. S. B., Canal street near Randolph
Gee, , distiller, North Water street near Market
Gee, , laborer, North Water street near Market
Gelderhuus, Ole, carpenter, North Water street
George, Thomas, tinner, S. J. Surdam
Germon, Greene C., actor, Chicago Theatre
Getzler, Anton, hats, caps, umbrellas, etc., 151 Lake st
Gibbons, Edward, laborer, bds Henry Cunningham.
Gibson, John, boarding-house, Randolph street
Gibson, John C., merchant
Gilbert, Ashley, bookkeeper, Horace Norton & Co.
Gilbert, Samuel H., clerk, Hobbie & Clark
Gilbert, Sherod, drayman, Ohio st. bet North State and Dearb.
Gilberton, Francis, laborer,
Gilberton, Ralph, laborer,
Giles, William, laborer, West Lake street, Philo Carpenter
Gill, Edmund, "Shakspeare", cor. North Water and Rush sts.
Gillen, Jacob, tailor, Rush street near Division
Gillenger, William, carpenter,
Gillespie, Eugene, Kinzie & Gillespie
Gillespie, John J., cabinet maker,
Gillinger, Jeremiah, clerk, J. L. Hanson
Gillis, Alexander, carpenter, Clark street cor. VanBuren
Gilmour, William, laborer, North Water street
Gilson, Hiram L., livery stable, Kent & Gilson
Goldan, John, mason, North Water street near North LaSalle
Goodenow Aaron M., dry goods merchant, 134 Lake street
Goodhue, Dr. Josiah C., Dearborn street north of Lake street
Goodrich, Grant, attorney and counsellor at law, 107 Lake st
Goodrich, Henry, farmer, Dearborn street near Washington


Goodrich, T. Watson, clerk, T. B. Carter & Co.
Goodsell & Campbell, dry goods and grocery store, 21 Dearborn
Goodsell, L. B., Goodsell & Campbell
Goold, Nathaniel, grocery and provision store, 155 Lake st
Goss, Samuel W. & Co., dry goods merchants, 105 Lake st
Goss, John, Samuel W. Goss & Co.
Graff, Peter, carpenter, Franklin street bet Lake and Randolph
Granger, Elihu, iron foundry, North Water st, near LaSalle
Granger, Irving, foundryman, Elihu Granger
Grangien, Marks, laborer,
Grannis, Amos, carpenter, State street, cor. VanBuren
Grannis, Charles D., tinsmith, Botsford & Beers
Grannis, Samuel W., hatter, 16 Dearborn st
Grannis, Samuel J., shoemaker, South Water st
Grant, Jas., attorney, N. Water st near Rush, bds. Lake House
Graves, Dexter, livery stable, 44 State st, (Couch Place)
Graves, (D.) & Stevens, (M. W.), Rialto Saloon, 8 Dearborn st
Graves, Henry, State street near Lake st Graves, Lorin, State street near Lake st
Graves, Sheldon, dealer in wooden-ware, Norton & Co.'s store
Graves, (Dot), Stephen R., merchant tailor, Clark street
Gray, Charles M., grain cradle factory, 78 Dearborn street
Gray, Franklin D., clerk, H. Norton & Co.
Gray, George M., agent, Charles M. Gray's factory
Gray, John, Chicago Hotel, cor. West Lake and North Canal sts
Gray, James, teamster, bds John Gray
Gray, John L., grocer, North Water st cor. Clark
Gray, Joseph H., dry goods and groceries, Lake street
Gray, William B. H., clerk, Joseph H. Gray
Green, C. L., actor, Chicago Theatre
Green, Russell, clerk, J. M. Underwood
Green, George W., farmer, Hardscrabble, 12th st. near Throop
Green, Walter R., hotel-clerk, Mansion House
Greenwood, John, teamster, Wm. Lill's brewery
Greenwood, Gay, clerk, Buckner S. Morris
Greenwood, Samuel, canal contractor, Illinois street near Cass
Greenwood, Theophilus, bookkeeper, G. S. Hubbard & Co.
Gregg, David R., carpenter, North Water street, near Kinzie
Gregory, Edward M., grocer, 9 Dearborn street
Greer, Samuel, carpenter and builder, N. Water near Franklin
Groll, Philip, baker, 51 LaSalle street
Groves, Alexander M. C. K., canal contractor
Guild & Durant, dry goods, etc., 149 Lake street
Guild, Albert H., (Guild & Durant)
Gunter, John, sailor, cor. Cass and Indiana streets
Gurnee, Walter S., Gurnee & Matteson
Gurnee & Matteson, wholesale saddlery hardware, 106 Lake st

Haas, William, brewer, cor. Chicago avenue and Pine street
Haddock, Edward H., commission merchant, South Water st
Haffey, Michael, carpenter, cor. North Water and N. Clark sts
Hageman, James, tinsmith, Botsford & Beers
Hahn, Adam, teamster,
Haight, Isaac, North Canal street near West Lake


Haight Mrs. E., boarding-house, Clark street near Washington
Haines, Elijah M., tailor, S. Water st. bet. Clark and LaSalle
Haines, John C., clerk, George W. Merrill
Hale, Benjamin F., botanic physician
Hall, Henry P., barber, Rush street, on the River, nr N. Water
Hall, Philip A., clerk,
Hall, J. B., steamboat runner
Hallam Edward S., Steams &. Hallam
Hallam, Rev. Isaac W., St. James' church, Cass st. nr. Illinois
Hamilton, Amos C., clerk, B. F. Knapp
Hamilton, Polemus D., carpenter, Clark street
Hamilton, Rich'd J., clerk circuit court, Clark st cor. Randolph
Hamilton, Robert P., groceries and provisions, Lake st
Hamilton, Thomas E., carpenter, Madison street cor. LaSalle
Hanchett, John L., surveyor and engineer, on the Canal
Handy, Joy, bricklayer and plasterer
Handy, Major, bricklayer and plasterer,
Hanlon, Edward, blacksmith, on the canal
Hanlon, Michael, blacksmith and horse-shoer, Ohio street
Hanson, Joseph L., grocery and provision store, 146 Lake st
Harban, Matthias, shoemaker,
Harding, Capt. Charles, schooner Gen. Thorntdn, bds. Tremont
Harding, Francis, attorney at law, Lake street
Harkness, Lamed B., real estate operator
Harman, Wm., blacksmith, North Water st, near North State
Harmon, Dr. Elijah D.
Harmon, Isaac D., dry goods merchant, 8 Clark street
Harmon, (Chas. L.) Loomis (Horatio G.) & Co., wholesale grocers, s.-w. cor. Clark and So. Water sts
Harmon, Edwin R., clerk, Harmon & Loomis
Harmon, J., grocery store, South Water st, near State
Harper, Richard, (called "Old Harper," vag.)
Harrington, Rev. Jos., First Unitarian Church, bds Lake House
Harris, Jacob, carpenter and builder, Adams street
Harris, John, gardener, n.-w. cor. Washington and Desplaines
Harrison, John, carpenter,
Harrison, H. H., harness maker, S. B. Cobb
Harrison, Thomas, drayman, Luther Nichols
Harvey, Edward, saloon and boarding-house, Kinzie near Rush
Hastings, Heman, farmer, Clark street cor. Adams
Hastings, Hiram, cattle dealer, 211 Clark street cor. Adams
Hatch, David, cutlery, hardware, etc., 98 Lake st
Hatch, Heman, saloon keeper, Dearborn street
Hatch, John, driver, Robert A. Kinzie
Hatch, —, West India goods, South Water street
Hatfield, Isaac P., bookkeeper, Daily American office
Haven, Dr. Simon Z., Lake street, west of Tremont House
Hawkins, John, sailor
Hawkins, Capt. Henry
Hawley, John C., clerk, H. H. Magie & Co.
Hayden, James, drayman, 84 Wabash avenue
Hayes, Joel N., clerk, William B. Ogden
Haywood & Co., burr mill stone manufactory, Kinzie st
Heacock, Reuben B., medical student, Dr. C. V. Dyer


Heacock, Russell E., att'y, justice of peace, Adams cor. Clark
Heacock, jr., R. E., civil engineer, on the canal
Heacock, Walstien, horse-rider, bds. R. E. Heacock
Heacock, William O., student, bds. R. E. Heacock
Heald, Alexander H., mason builder, Jefferson st
Heald, jr., Daniel, plasterer, Jackson st west of Clark
Healey, Robert, farmer, Archer Road near Halsted street
Heartt, Chauncy B., clerk, bds Daniel B. Heartt
Heartt, Daniel B., constable, Wells st. cor. alley so. of Randolph
Heartt, Robert, driver, Kinzie & Hunter
Helm, Edwin, clerk, Kinzie & Hunter
Henry, Hugh K., carpenter, North Water street
Henson, Oliver C., hair-cutting and shaving shop, 183 Lake st
Herrick, Elijah W., canal contractor, bds. Tremont House
Herrick, Ira N., canal contractor, bds Tremont House
Hervey, James, canal contractor, Crawford & H., Indiana street
Hervey, James, (Sir), Crawford & Hervey
Hessey, William, ready-made clothing, Randolph st near bridge
Hettich, Louis, boarding and saloon, Clark st. nr. South Water
Heymann, F. T., watchmaker and jeweller, 173 Lake st
Hickey, Patrick, drayman, bds Chas. McDonnell
Higgins, A. D., dry goods, groceries, hardware, 132 Lake st
Higgins, Edward, cowfeeder, Tyler st Higgins, Floyd, milkman, Tyler st
Higgins, Pat., laborer, bds Henry Cunningham
Higgins, W. B , dry goods, groceries, etc., 136 Lake street
High, jr., John, (H. H. Magie & Co.)
Hill, Auronah, carpenter, bds. John Gage
Hill, James, provision store, West Randolph street
Hill, Lansing, lime burner, Reed Lewis
Hills, William H., clerk, Horace Norton & Co.
Hilliard, Lorin P., bookkeeper, Charles Walker & Co.
Hines, Austin, tailor, North Water street
Hinton, Rev. Isaac Taylor, First Baptist Church, LaSalle st
Hitchkiss, Orin, tinner, Wm. Wheeler & Co.
Hobbie (Albert G.) & Clark (John), dry goods, etc., 142 Lake st
Hodgson, John H., tailor and clothier, 61 Clark street
Hoffmann, Francis A., bookbinder, Hugh Ross
Hogan, John S. C., dry goods and groceries, 236 Lake street
Hogan, Charles P., dry goods and groceries, Lake near Franklin
Hoag, Charles, bookkeeper, Newberry & Dole
Holbrook, John, boots and shoes, South Water street
Holcomb, Charles N., foreman, Daily American office
Holden, Charles N., (Parsons & Holden)
Holland, Charles, clerk, Liberty Bigelow
Holmes, Isaac, carpenter, Wells street
Holmes, Isaac, machinist, Stow's foundry
Holmes, Joseph and Wm., bartenders, Heman Hatch
Holmes, L. W., hardware and stove merchant, South Water st
Holmes, William, printer, Chicago Democrat office
Holsman, George, saloon, Lake street near LaSalle
Holt, John R., cashier, James A. Marshall
Hood, David, butcher, cor. North State and N. Water streets
Hooker, John W., grocery and provision store, 152 Lake street


Hooker, James L., clerk, Joseph H. Gray
Hopple, John J., clerk, James A. Smith & Co.
Horan, Owen, boarding-house and saloon, south on Clark street
Horton, Barney, saloon and ball-alley, South Water st
Horton, Dennison, harness maker, Lake st
Horner John, plasterer, mason, etc., Ontario st, near the lake
Hosmer, Charles B., attorney at law,
Hossack, William, confectioner, 147 Lake street
Howe, Francis, baker, James L. Howe
Hough, Oramel S., with Sylvester Marsh
Hough, R. M., with Sylvester Marsh
Hough, Thomas, laborer, Wm. Hough
Hough, Wm., plasterer and bricklayer, LaSalle cor. Chicago av
Houghton, D. F., hotel-keeper, Sauganash Hotel
Hovey & Burbeck, butchers, Lake Street Market, 143 Lake st
Hovey, Samuel S., butcher, Hovey & Burbeck
Howard, A. H., deputy-sheriff
Howard, John M., druggist, W. H. & A. F. Clarke
Howe, Frederick A., justice of the peace, 97 Lake st
Howe, Frank, clerk, Branch State Bank of Illinois
Howe, James L., city bakehouse, Kinzie st, near Rush
Howe, Miss, milliner and mantua-maker, cor. Lake and Wells sts
Hoyne, Thomas, attorney and counsellor at law, 107 Lake st
Hubbard, Elijah K., banker, 47-51 Dearborn st
Hubbard & Co., Gurdon S., forwarding, and commission merchants, North Water st near Rush
Hubbard, Henry G., at G. S. Hubbard & Co.'s warehouse
Hubbard, Moses, clerk, Eli B. Williams, South Water st
Hubbard, Thomas R., attorney at law, Clark street, cor. Lake
Hughes, James, drayman, 294 Illinois street
Hugunin, Daniel, ship chandler, Hugunin & Pierce
Hugunin, Hiram, merchant, West Water street near Lake st
Hugunin, James R., clerk, L. W. Holmes
Hugunin, John C., dry goods and groceries, West Water street
Hugunin, Leonard C., speculator
Hugunin, Capt. Robert,
Hugunin & Pierce, ship chandlers, North Water cor. Dearborn
Hulbert, Eri B., (Chas. Walker & Co.)
Humphrey, James O., wagon-maker, (Briggs & Humphrey)
Hunt, Bela T., feather beds, mattresses, South Water street
Hunter, Capt. David, Illinois street, near Rush
Hunter, Edward H., deputy-sheriff, ex-justice of peace, Wells st
Huntigton, Alonzo, attorney and counsellor at law, Lake st
Huntoon, Capt. Bemsley, steam saw mill, North Branch
Huntoon, Geo. M., constable, North State street near Kinzie
Hupp, S., ladies and gents' tailor and cutter, 210 Lake street
Hyde, Thomas, Davis, Kinzie & Hyde

Iliff, R. W., dry goods merchant, Ayres & Iliff
Illingworth James O., bookkeeper, Crawford & Hervey
Ingersoll, Mrs., actress and teacher of dancing, bds Lake House

Jackson, Carding, farmer, Vincennes ave
Jackson, Cyrus, farmer, Vincennes ave
Jackson, Ezra, bds Samuel Jackson


Jackson, John, butcher,
Jackson, Richard, Southern Hotel, State street cor. Twelfth
Jackson, Samuel T., Government works, near Garrison
Jackson, Wm. W., clerk, H. W. Bigelow
Jackson, Capt. —, sailor
James, Thomas, machinist, Stow's foundry
Jamieson, Capt. Louis T., Garrison
Jefferson & McKenzie, managers Chicago Theatre, Dearborn st
Jefferson, Joseph, Jefferson & McKenzie
Jefferson, Joseph, (Joe,) comedian, Chicago Theatre
Jefferson, Thomas, actor, Chicago Theatre
Jeffries, George, laborer, Rush street bet. Michigan and Illinois
Jenkins, Thomas, dry goods, etc., Lake street near Clark
Johnston, Adam, school-teacher, Dearborn street
Johnson, Andrew B., waiter, John H. Kinzie
Johnson, Anfen, with Simon Doyle, tailor, Kinzie street
Johnston, Anthony, steward, Lake House
Johnson, Baar, laborer, Cass street, Dutch Settlement
Johnston, Benj. W., carpenter
Johnston, James, drayman, Wabash ave. near Adams street
Johnson John, blacksmith, Joseph Willemin
Johnston, John, carpenter,
Johnson, John, haircutting and shaving-shop, 131 Lake st
Johnson, John, laborer, Cass street, Dutch Settlement
Johnston, Joseph, soap manufacturer, West Washington street
Johnson, J., dry goods aud groceries, Lake street
Johnston, Lathrop, bds New York House
Johnston, Samuel, bds New York House
Johnston, Sanford, carpenter, bds Chicago Hotel
Johnston, Capt. Seth, North Branch, west side
Johnston, jr., Seth, student, Dr. Stuart
Johnson, William, haircutting and shaving saloon, Clark street
Jolisaint, Jean Pierre, laborer, Joseph Willemin
Jones, Benjamin, grocer, South Water street
Jones, D. A., cabinet and chair maker, Dearborn street
Jones, Elisha M., cabinet and chair maker, Dearborn street
Jones, Fernando, clerk, Thomas Church
Jones, Hiram, bds. Randolph street cor. Dearborn
Jones, King & Co., wholesale hardware merchants, So. Water st
Jones, Nathaniel A., clerk, John W. Hooker
Jones, Wm., justice of the peace, Dearborn st, cor. Randolph
Joyce, Thomas, grocery, North Clark street
Judd, Norman B., attorney and counsellor at law, 105 Lake st

Kane, James, carpenter,
Kane, Patrick, drayman, Kinzie street near N. LaSalle
Kaphahn, Godfrey, laborer, cor. Cass and Chestnut streets
Kastler, Matthias, laborer,
Kastler, Nicholas, shoemaker,
Kautenburger, Nicholas, laborer,
Keefe, James, laborer, North LaSalle street near White
Keefe, Owen, gardener, Division street near North Wells
Keenan, John J., vapor baths, Lake street cor. Wells
Kehoe, Capt. James, bds City Refectory, Dearborn street


Kehoe, Michael, drayman, 257 South Jefferson street
Keith, , carpenter, Alexander Loyd
Kelly, James, compositor, Daily American office, h 145 Clark
Kelly, Capt. Patrick, boarding-house, North Water street
Kelsey, Patrick, laborer, Chicago ave near North Dearborn st
Kendall, Elihu, Smead, Kendall & Co.
Kendall, Vail & Co., clothing store 119 Lake str
Kennedy, Michael, 5th ward
Kennicott, Dr. Wm. H., dentist, Lake street
Kent & Gilson, livery stable, State st. (Tremont House alley)
Kent, B. H., livery stables, Kent & Gilson
Kent, Rev. Trumble, (Methodist) Monroe street near State
Keogh, P. R., tailor and clothier, Clark st,
Kerchival, Gholson, real estate, River street
Kerchival, Lewis C., inspector Port of Chicago, bds City Hotel
Ketchum, —, clerk, Gurdon S. Hubbard & Co.
Killick, James, grocery and provision store, 12 Dearborn st
Kimball, Granville, stage contractor, Frink, Walker & Co.
Kimball, Harlow, merchant, Clark street
Kimball, Henry N., vessel owner,
Kimball, Mark, clerk, 155 1/2 Lake street
Kimball, Martin N., farmer and hay dealer, Milwaukee ave
Kimball, Walter, probate judge, cor. Clark and South Water st
Kimberly, Dr. Edmund S., res. N. Water st next Lake House
King, Byram, Jones, King & Co.
King, jr., John, merchant, bds. Lake House
King, Joe, (pork an' a bean) restaurant, South Water near Clark
King, Joseph, drayman,
King, Henry, dry goods, etc., North Dearborn st. near Kinzie
King, Nathaniel, clerk, Tuthill King
King, Richard, farmer
King, Tuthill, New York clothing store, 115 Lake st
King, Willis, lumber merchant, Randolph st. bridge
Kingswell, Wm., millwright, Wabash ave near VanBuren st
Kinzie, James, real estate agent, North Canal street
Kinzie (John H.) & Hunter (David), forwarding, commission merchants, North Water st. near Rush
Kinzie, Robert A., Davis, Kinzie & Hyde, Kinzie street
Klear, Frank, musician, State street near Harmon court
Knapp, Benj. F., salt merchant, South Water street near Clark
Knickerbocker, Abraham V., clerk, Government Works
Knight, John, drayman, Michigan ave, near Adams
Knight, Joseph, porter, Gurdon S. Hubbard & Co.
Knights, Darius, carpenter, with Alexander Loyd
Knox, James H., tanner, Wells street, south of Polk

Laflin, George H, clerk, Mathew Laflin
Laflin Matthew, gunpowder and canal contrac'r, Washington st
LaBot, Francois, dyer and scourer
LaFromboise, Claude
LaFromboise, Eugene, Indian chief, res. Canal street
Lafromboise, Joseph, Indian chief
Lamb, Horace, ship carpenter, Michigan ave. near Lake street
Lane, Elisha, clerk, Botsford & Beers
Lane, Geo. W., clerk, A. Follansbee


Lane, James, boarding-house, North Water street cor. Dearborn
London, George, carpenter, Chicago ave near Sedgwick street
Landon, Thomas, carpenter, Chicago ave near Townsend street
Lang, John, carriage maker, etc., North State street near Kinzie
Lansing, Cornelius, clerk, Osborn & Strail
Lanswerk, Ole, laborer, North Water street
Lantry, Michael, teamster, Kinzie st
LaPoint, Pierre, blacksmith, Joseph Willemin
Lappin, Richard, teamster, Chicago ave cor. North State
Larrabee, William M., bookkeeper, Wm. B. Ogden
Larson, Andrew, laborer, Cass street, Dutch Settlement
Larson, John, sailor
Lawrence, Asa, wood merchant, North Water street
Lawson, Andrew, wood-sawyer, cor. North State and Hinsdale
Lawson, Canute, city street carpenter, 240 Superior street
Lawson, Iver, laborer, bds. 240 Superior street
Leary, Albert G., attorney and counsellor at law, Dearborn st
Leavenworth, Jesse H., supt, U. S. works, Fort Dearborn
Lee, Benj. Tyler, clerk
Lee, David S., attorney at law, Lake street
Legg, George, contractor and street maker, Grand ave. 6th ward
Legg, Isaac, real estate dealer, 6th ward, near Lill's brewery
Legg, James, teamster and horse dealer, West side
Legg, Joseph, carpenter, west on river bank, south of Lake st
Legg, Mrs. Rachel, boarding-house, West Kinzie street
Letz, Frederick, locksmith
Letz, Jacob, boot and shoe maker, Thos. Whitlock
Lewis, A. B., Sunday school agent, LaSalle st
Lewis, L. F., grocer and dry goods, Dearborn st. near Lake
Lewis, Reed, lime burner, Archer road, Bridgeport
Licenring, Samuel, tailor, Clark street
Lill, Wm., brewer, Chicago ave. cor. Pine st
Lincoln, , cabinet maker, Dennis S. Dewey
Lincoln, Solomon, tailor and clothier, 156 Lake st
Lind, Sylvester, carpenter, bds 55 Clark st
Lindebner, J., tailor and cutter, Lake st
Livingston, John R., real estate agent, bds. Lake House
Lock, William, ready-made clothing, 101 Lake st
Logan, William, grocery, West Water street
Loomis, Horatio G., Harmon & Loomis
Long, Mrs. John, 21 North Wells st
Lothe, Sven, carpenter and builder, North Water street
Loupean, Antoine, gardener, West Water street, north end
Loux, Matthias, laborer,
Loux, Peter, blacksmith,
Lovecraft, A., draper and tailor, 9 Clark street
Lowe, James M., clerk, Circuit Court clerk's office
Lowe, Samuel J., high constable, deputy-sheriff, 125 Clark st
Lowe, Samuel A., student, J. Y. Scammon
Loyd, Alex., carpenter and builder, 51 Wells st
Lozier, Oliver, painter and glazier, cor. Canal and Jackson sts.
Ludwig, Charles, cooper, Simon Ludwig
Ludwig, Frederick, cooper, Simon Ludwig
Ludwig, Simon, cooper, cor. Pearsons and Cass streets


Ludwig, jr., Simon, cooper, Simon Ludwig
Lyman & Gage, millers, South Branch, Canal street
Lynch, Patrick, laborer,

McAuley, Patrick, laborer, bds Richard Lappin
McBride, Thomas, drayman, Clark street
McCabe Patrick, porter, Tremont House
McCarthy, Owen, grocery, North Water st
McClure, Andrew, carpenter, (Updike & McClure)
McClure, Charles, carpenter,
McClure, Josiah E., McClure & Co.
McClure, Judge Samuel, lottery office Liberty Bigelow
McClure, N. Alex., bookkeeper, Seth T. Otis & Co.
McClure & Co., (strictly) commission merchants, 89 Lake street
McComber, Miss, milliner and dress maker, 165 Lake st
McConnell, Edward, gardener, Lumber st near Canal st
McConnell, John, bookkeeper, Seth T. Otis & Co.
McCord, Jason, Mosely & McCord
McCorrister, William, American Hotel, North Water street
McCracken, Oren, tailor,
McCracken & Brooks McCracken & Brooks, tailors and clothiers, 12 Clark street McDaniel, Alexander, teamster, Michigan ave.
McDermott, Mrs. Anne S., milliner and dress maker, S. Water
McDonnell, Charles, grocery and provision store, 30 Market st
McDonnell, Dennis, sailor, North Dearborn street cor. Huron
McDonnell, Peter, laborer, bds Michael McDonnell
McDonnell, Michael, grocery, North Water street near N. State
McFall, Francis, sash, door, and blind factory, Market st
McGee, James, engineer, steamer Geo. W. Dole
McGee, William, engineer, steamer James Allen
McGlashan, Alexander, farmer,
McGlashan, John, gardener, Archer road, on river, near 25th st McGovern, John, farmer, Madison street near Franklin McGrath, —, teamster,
McGraw, Edward, laborer, North Water st. near Dearborn
McGraw, James, farmer, West Madison st. near Western ave
McGraw, John, soap maker, North Water street near N. Clark
McGuire, Michael, laborer, North Water street near Dearborn
McHale, John, laborer, North Water street
McHenry, Hiram, mate, schooner Constitution
McHenry, Peter, (Blade Pete,) cook, City Hotel
McIntosh, Capt. David, Ohio street bet. Pine and Sand sts
McIntosh, Capt. Wm., Franklin street bet. Randolph and Lake
McKay, Patrick, saloon, North Water st
McKay, Samuel, salesman, Eli B. Williams, North Water st
McKee, David, gunsmith, U.S. Garrison
McKenzie, Alexander, Theatre, Jefferson & McKenzie
McLean, Thomas, laborer, cor. Chicago avenue and Cass street
McLeod, Capt. Alexander, carpenter
McMahon, Patrick, tailor, North Water street near Dearborn
McMahon, Patrick, porter, Lake House
McNeil, Malcolm, ship carpenter, North Branch, nr Chicago av

Magie, Haines H., (H. H. Magie & Co.)


Magie & Co., H. H., dry goods merchants, 130 Lake st
Magill, Alexander W., clerk,
Magill, Arthur W.,
Magill, Julian, clerk, Kinzie & Hunter
Maher, Hugh, cooper, South Branch, south side
Mallory, Hiram, canal contractor
Mallory, Edward, clerk, Botsford & Beers
Malzacher, Louis, grocery and provision store, 181 Lake st
Manierre (Edward) & Blair (Geo.), merchant tailors, 43 Clark st
Manierre, George, attorney and counsellor at law, 105 Lake st
Mann, Cyrus, carpenter and builder, Clark street
Mann, Tielman, laborer,
Manning, Toel, secretary to Canal Commissioners
Marback, Joseph, veg't gardener, cor. Chicago ave and Rush st
Markle, Abram A., late Illinois Exchange, 192 Lake street
Markoe, Hartman, dry goods merchant, Lake street
Markus, Ole, turner, Cass street, Dutch Settlement
Marsh (Sylvester) & Dole (Geo. W.), butchers, Dearborn st
Marshall, James A., auctioneer, commission, etc., So. Water st
Mason, Louis, painter, bds Joseph Willemin
Massey, I. F., saddler and shoe dealer, 170 Lake st
Massey, Mrs., milliner and dress maker, 165 Lake st
Mathes, William J., Crosman & Mathes
Mathews, James, constable, 4th ward
Matteson, Joseph, Gurnee & Matteson
Matthews, Frederick, baker, James L. Howe
Matthews, George, blacksmith, Joseph Willemin
Matthews, P., dry goods merchant, 162 Lake st
Maxwell, Dr. Philip, Garrison
Maxwell, Thomas, laborer, 124 Illinois street
Meeker, Geo. W., attorney and counsellor at law, 150 Lake st
Meeker, Joseph, carpenter and builder, 165 Clark st
Mevelle, Peter, carpenter, Michigan ave. near Lake street
Melvin, Thomas, boot and shoe maker, South Water st
Merrick, Dr., 121 Lake st., house cor. Randolph and State st
Merrill, George W., dry goods merchant, 166 Lake st
Merrill, George, clerk, Geo. Chacksfield
Mess, George, contractor, Michigan ave, cor. South Water
Metz, Christopher, tinner, Wm. Wheeler & Co.
Miguly, Rudolph, grocer, Randolph street near LaSalle
Milleman, Andrew, laborer, North Clark street nr Fullerton av
Miller, Bernhart, shoemaker, Indiana street near North State
Miller, Daniel, shoemaker, Indiana street near North State
Miller, Capt. Harry, schooner St. Joseph
Miller, Jacob, blacksmith, North State street cor. Indiana
Miller, John, tanner, North Branch, fire warden, 4th ward
Miller, Robert, ship carpenter, near Garrison
Miller, William, clerk, Jas. M. Strode
Milliken, Isaac L., blacksmith, Wabash ave. near Randolph
Mills, John R., clerk, Mathew Laflin
Mills, M., grocery and provision store, 154 Lake st
Milne (Robert) & Morrison, (Alex.) lumber merchants, So. Water street near Franklin
Miltimore, Ira, steam sash and door factory, South Branch River


Mitchell, John B., boot and shoe maker, South Water st
Mitchell, Joseph, carpenter, Alex. Loyd
Mitchell, Mark, carpenter, Alex. Loyd
Mitchell, Wm., carpenter, Canal street cor. Madison
Mitchell, Mrs. Hannah Weed, private boarding, 112 LaSalle st
Mooney, Michael, blacksmith and horse shoer, Franklin st
Mooney, Peter, blacksmith and horse shoer, M. Mooney
Moore, David, school inspector, fire warden, 5th ward
Moore, David, miller, at the wind mill, above North ave
Moore, George, teamster, Clinton street near West Kinzie
Moore, Henry, attorney and counseller at law, 9 Clark st
Moore, Joseph, confectioner, South Water street near 5th ave
Moore, Reuben, real estate, Clark street
Moore, Robert, teamster, Clinton street near West Kinzie
Moore, Dr., West Randolph street
Montgomery, G. B. S., general merchant, 137 Lake st
Montgomery, L. W., United States Hotel
Montgomery, G. B. S., boot and shoe maker
Morgan, Caleb, cabinet maker, Bates & Morgan
Morgan, Patrick R., horse-rider, bds. "Rat's-castle," cor. West Water and North Canal sts
Morris, Buckner S., (alderman,) attorney, etc. Saloon Bdgs
Morris, Emanuel, ice cream, soda water, Cass street nr. Illinois
Morrison, Alexander, lumber dealer, Milne & Morrison
Morrison, Charles, drayman, 135 Clark street
Morrison, Daniel, drayman, 135 Clark street
Morrison, Eph., hat and cap factory, Dearborn st b Lake & S.W.
Morrison, Ephriam, jr., teamster, 111 Madison street
Morrison, Ezekiel, carpenter, 123 Clark st
Morrison, James M., carpenter, 131 Clark street
Morrison, John C., grocery and provision store, South Water st
Morrison, John H., grocery store, 190 Lake st
Morrison, Orsemus, street com., collector, coroner, 153 Clark st
Mosely (Flavel) & McCord (Jason), merchants, South Water st
Montjoy, William, tailor, John H. Hodgson
Mower, George W., clerk,
Mulford, Major E. H., Illinois street near State
Mulford, James H, & Edward H. jr., jewelers, etc., Dearborn st
Muller, Matthias, laborer, Rush street north of Chicago ave
Murphy, James K, clerk, John Fennerty
Murphy, John, United States Hotel, West Water cor. Randolph
Murphy, Edward, school-teacher
Murphy, Dr. Richard, 147 Lake street
Murphy & Titus, proprietors "Rat's-castle Hotel, W. Water st north of West Lake st
Murray George, tailor and clothier, 198 Lake st
Murray (Jas.) & Brand (Alex.), exchange brokers, 189 Lake st Murray, S. R., deputy-sheriff
Musham, William, porter, G. S. Hubbard & co.
Myers, F., saloon, North Water street
Myrick, Willard F., hotel-keeper, Cottage Grove ave, between 29th and 3th streets, near the race course.

Nelson, Andrew, with Dea. John Wright, cor. Madison street


Nelson, Andrew, laborer, cor. Cass and Chestnut streets
Nettleton, I., livery stable, Dearborn street, nr. South Water
Neudorf, Nicholas, laborer,
Newberry (Oliver) & Dole (Geo. W.), forwarding commission merchants, N. Water st cor. Rush
Newberry, Walter L., att'y and real est., office Newberry & Dole
Newcome, J. C., sawyer, and grocery, North Water near Clark
Nichols, Luther, drayman, 50 Dearborn street
Nicholson, Edward, distiller, Illinois st. near the Lake
Nicholson, Capt. John, cor. Cass and White streets
Nicholson & Co., groceries and dry goods, North Water st
Nickols, Patterson, livery stable keeper, Kinzie st near N. State
Nightingale, Rev. Crawford, First Unitarian Society, Saloon
Noble, John, real estate, res. Dutchman's Point
Noble, Major, farmer, at now called Irving Park
Noble, sen., Mark, farmer, Dutchman's Point
Noble, Mark, real estate, res. Dutchman's Point
Northam, Robert R., clerk, J. W. Hooker
Norton, Henry, merchant, Wabash ave.
Norton, N.R., bridge-builder, n.-w. cor. N. State and Indiana sts
Norton, Theron, dry goods, (Paine & Norton) 117 Lake st
Norton & Co., Horace, grocers and provisions, South Water st

Oakes, Noyes, house mover, Clark street
Oatman, O., secretary, Chicago Hydraulic Company
Oberhart, Joseph, laborer,
Ogden, Wm. B., real estate dealer, Kinzie st near North State
Ogden, Mahlon D., attorney, Arnold & Ogden, Clark street
Oliver, John A., house, sign, and ornamental painter, Kinzie st
Onde, Peter, laborer, Cass street, Dutch Settlement
Orr, Brakey, carpenter and builder, Cass street near Huron
Osborn, Hon. Andrew D.
Osborn, William, boot, shoe, and leather merchant, 141 Lake st
Osbourn & Strail, hardware, stove, and iron merchants, 124 Lake
Osbourn, L. F., Osbourn & Strail
Osterhoudt, L. M., New York House, 180 Lake st
Otis & Co., Seth T., hardware, iron, and stoves, 11, 13 Dearborn
Outhet, John C., wagon maker, 191 Randolph street
Outhet, John, boarding-house,
O'Brien, George, grocery and provision store, N. Water st
O'Brien, James, saloon, South Water street near Franklin
O'Conner, Jeremiah, blacksmith, North Water street
O'Connor, Martin, blacksmith, Randolph st
O'Malley, Charles, shoemaker, North Water street
O'Meara, Timothy, Rev., Catholic priest, cor. State and Lake
O'Neil, John, farmer, cor 22d and Halsted streets
O'Neil, Michael, carpenter, North Dearborn street near Kinzie

Packard, Robert, teamster, Randolph street
Page, Peter, mason builder, 150 Clark street
Page, Thomas, bank porter, Murray & Brand
Paine (Seth) & Norton (Theron), dry goods merchants, 117 Lake
Palmer, Isaac K., City wood inspector
Parish & Metcalf, general merchants, 132 Lake st


Parker, John, dry goods, groceries, and liquors, 134 Lake st
Parry, Samuel, carpenter
Parsons & Holden, grocery & provisions, cor. Lake and So. Water
Parsons, Edward, Parsons & Holden
Patrie, Philip, blacksmith,
Patterson, John G., steward, Illinois Exchange
Patterson, Orville, horse-dealer, bds. Cox's hotel
Payne, William,
Peacock (Jos.) & Thatcher, (David C.) gunsmiths, 153 Lake st
Peacock, Elijah, watchmaker and jeweller, 155 Lake street
Peacock, Joseph, gunsmith, Peacock & Thatcher
Pearsall, John, farmer, Holstein
Pearsall, Rolla, farmer, city limits, western
Pearson, Hon. John, judge Circuit Court of Cook County
Pearsons, Col. Hiram, real estate dealer, North Dearborn street .
Pearsons, P. H., grocer and dry goods, cor. S. Water and Clark
Peaslee, Harvey L.,
Peaslee, Horace L., clerk, Harmon & Loomis
Peck, Azel, carpenter and builder, Clinton st
Peck, Burr, Wheeler & Peck
Peck, Charles E., harness maker, 164 Lake st
Peck, Ebenezer, att'y, and internal improvement Canal board
Peck, Philip F. W., real estate speculator, 242 Clark street
Penny, John, brickmaker, North Branch, 5th ward
Periolat, F. A., grocery and provision store, 126 Lake st
Periolat, Clemens, grocer, Lake street cor. Franklin
Perrior, William, musician, Chicago Theatre
Perry, Abijah S., barber, ex-justice of the peace, Reservation
Perry, Edward, and Brother, saloon, Clark street
Perry, Samuel, carpenter and joiner
Peters, George, clerk, Gurdon S. Hubbard & Co.
Peterson, Capt. George, Canal street
Pettet, John, Garrison
Peyton, Francis, attorney at law, Lake street
Peyton, Lucien, attorney at law, West Lake street nr. N. Canal
Pfund, John, bread and biscuit baker, 14 Clark st
Phelps, John, tinner, William Wheeler & Co.
Philips, Clifford S., wholesale dry goods merchant, 125 Lake st
Phillips, John F., tailor and clothier, City Hotel building, Clark
Pierce, Asahel, plow and wagon maker, 18 Market street
Pierce, Smith D., ship chandler, North Water street
Pitkin, Nathaniel, dry goods, Sherman & Pitkin
Pitt, William, sawyer, North Canal st
Plummer, Enoch, plasterer, Adams st near State
Pond, William, watch and clock maker, 185 Lake st
Porter, Hibbard, (Bristol & Porter,)
Post, Dr. L., residence Lake House, office Dearborn street
Powell, George N., tavern-keeper, Milwaukee ave
Powers, William G., general merchant, bds Lake House
Praler, Adam, laborer
Prescott, Eli S., receiver, United States Land Office, 175 Lake
Prescott, George W., clerk, James A. Marshall
Preston, John B., civil engineer
Price, Jeremiah, fire warden, South Water st near Wells


Price, Robert, tailor and clothier, 153 Lake st
Prindiville, John, steamer Dole
Prindiville, Maurice, contractor, n.w. cor. Chicago ave. N. State
Prindiville, Redmond, steamer Dole
Proctor, Dr., Dearborn st, north of Lake st
Pruyne, Peter, druggist and apothecary, South Water street

Rabbie, John Bat, bds LaFramboise
Raber, Philip, laborer, State street
Ragen, John G., cabinet-maker
Ralph, Peter, boot and shoemaker, Clark street near Randolph
Randolph, Geo. F., wholesale dry goods merchant, 109 Lake st
Rankin, David, boot and shoe maker, Illinois street nr Dearborn
Rankin, William & John, brassfounders, 55 Clark and Illinois st
Rathbone, Ward, groceries and provisions, 141 Lake st
Raynor, Jacob, grocery store, North Water street
Raymond & Co., Benj. W., general dry goods, etc., 122 Lake st
Raymond, George, clerk, B. W. Raymond
Reed, Chas. M., forwarding and commission merchant, South Water st cor. State
Reed, Frederick, porter, City Hotel, Clark street
Reed, Mrs., cloak and dressmaker, 115 Lake st
Reed, Thomas, teamster, 115 Lake street
Rees, James H., draughtsman and surveyor, Wm. B. Ogden
Reis, Jacob N., waterman, bds. 175 State street
Reis, John M., boot and shoe maker, Samuel J. Grannis
Reis, sen., John P., waterman, 175 State street
Reis, jun., John P., waterman, bds. 175 State street
Reis, Nicholas, waterman, 173 State st
Reis, Peter, waterman, 173 State st
Resique, Samuel, carpenter, Illinois street near Cass
Rew, Doc. Norman, saloon, South Water street near State
Reynolds, Eri, packer, Adams street
Rice, John, bartender, "Eagle" saloon, 10 Dearborn street
Richards, Alexander, clerk, David Hatch
Richards, Jas. J., clerk, Illinois street
Rider, E. A., clerk, C. L. P. Hogan
Riley, John, warehouseman, Newberry & Dole, Michigan st
Ripley, Capt. Calvin, steamer Geo. W. Dole
Rhines, Henry, deputy-sheriff and constable, 44 LaSalle st
Robb, George A., (Foster & Robb)
Roberts, David L., canal contractor
Roberts, George, carpenter, Alex. Loyd
Roberts, H. L., boot and shoe dealer, Lake street cor. LaSalle
Robertson, Cyrus D., clerk, H. H. Yates
Robertson, James, ship carpenter, North Water st. nr Dearborn
Robertson, Mrs., midwife, cor. North Water and N. Dearborn
Robinson, D. O., carpenter,
Robinson, James, carpenter, Clark street
Rockwell, James, furniture dealer, Lake street near Franklin
Roder, John, blacksmith, Joseph Willemin
Rogers, Edward K., (Horace Norton & Co.)
Rogers, George A., clerk, Horace Norton & Co.
Rogers, John, commission merchant, N. Water st. near N. State


Rogers, William, "the generous sport,"
Roi, , laborer, North Water street near Market
Rooney, William, farmer, Maine
Ross, Hugh, bookbinder and paper ruler, 24 Clark st
Ross Robert C., carpenter, North Dearborn st
Rossetter, Asher, Mansion House, 86 Lake st
Roth, John G., sausage maker, Absalom Funk
Rotter Neils K., clerk, W. H. & A. F. Clarke
Rouscop Jacob, teamster, cor. Rush and Whitney streets
Rowe, Jonathan sawyer, near Kinzie street bridge, 5th ward
Rowland, Treadwell, boarding-house, North State near Kinzie
Rucker, Henry L., alderman and justice of the peace, Dearborn
Rucker, Edward A., student, H. L. Rucker
Rudd, Edward H., job and book printer, Saloon Bdgs., Clark st
Ruddman, John, moulder, Stow's foundry
Rue, John, teamster, Ohio street
Rue, John C., carpenter and builder, 156 Clark st
Rumrill, B., watchmaker, James & Edward Mulford
Rumsey, George F., clerk, Newberry & Dole
Rumsey, Julian S., clerk, Newberry & Dole
Russ, John, farrier, Desplaines st, bet Jackson and VanBuren
Russell, Chester G., horse-dealer, Graves' livery stable
Russell, Francis, auctioneer, bds. Lake House
Russell, Jacob, City Hotel, Clark st, N.-W. cor. Randolph
Russell, Jacob, teamster, North side
Russell, Capt. John B. F., U.S.A., Indiana st. cor. North State
Russell, John J., teamster, North side
Russell, Dr. William., bds. City Hotel
Russell, William, teamster, North side
Russer, Frederick G., shoemaker, Rush street cor. Pearsons
Rutter, Capt. Solomon, bark Detroit
Ryan, Edward G., attorney and counsellor at law, 8 Clark st
Ryan, John, grocery and boarding-house, S. Water, nr River st

Sabine & Co., forwarding and commission merch'ts, Nor. Water
Sabine, William A., boarding-house, 161 Lake street, up stairs
Sabins, Carlos, tavern-keeper, Lake street
Sadler, Nicholas, gardener, Illinois street near North State
Saltonstall, William, fish dealer, West Madison street
Saltonstall, Wm W., bookkeeper, Hubbard & Co.'s warehouse
Sammons, Benjamin, cooper, Frederick Sammons
Sammons, E. W., cooper, Adams street
Sammons, Frederick, cooper, Clinton st
Sammons, Joel, cooper, Frederick Sammons
Sanger, James Y., canal contractor
Sanger, Lorenzo P., canal contractor
Satterlee, M. L., clerk, Thomas Church
Saunders, Robert Paul, grocer, South Water st, near State
Sauter, Chas. & Jacob, boot and shoemakers, 212 Lake st
Savage, Maurice, canal subcontractor, Michigan street nr Rush
Sawyer, Sidney, druggist and apothecary, 14 Dearborn st
Sawyer, Nathaniel, clerk, S. Sawyer
Scammon J Young, attorney and counsellor at law, 105 Lake st
Schall, Andre, boarding-house and saloon, 191 Randolph st


Schaller, Andrew, provision and grocery store, 200 Lake street
Schenk, Henry, laborer, Chestnut street bet. Rush and Cass
Schmidt, Matthias, carpenter,
Schuttler, Peter, wagon maker, Randolph street near Franklin
Scougale, A., wagon maker, State street near Lake st
Scott, John, carpenter, South Branch, west side
Scott, William D., banker, Strachan & Scott
Scoville, Hiram H., machinist, 42-48 Canal street
Scoville, Ives, machinist
Scoville, James A., clerk, Scoville & Gates
Scoville, William H., machinist
Scranton, Noah, block and pump maker, cor. North State and North Water sts
Scranton, jr., Noah, block and pump maker, Noah Scranton
Seeley, George, saloon and boarding-house, South Water st
Seger, Joseph, waterman, Chicago avenue near Pearsons street?
Selkrig, James, clerk, Smith J. Sherwood
Sensor, John W., carpenter, Cruver & Sensor
Sexton, Stephen, carpenter, Kinzie street near North State
Seymour, Jesse, Sauganash Hotel, Market st cor. Lake
Shaddle, Peter, upholsterer, Clark street
Shapley, Morgan L., Government works, near the Garrison
Shelby, Capt. Daniel, boarding house, North Water st
Sheldon, Philo C., (Church & Sheldon)
Sheldon, C. P., clerk, Church & Sheldon
Shelley, Geo, E., Lake House, cor. North Water and Rush sts
Sheppard, Robert, carpenter and builder, Cass street near Ohio
Sheppard, —, boarding-house, 15 Clark street
Shergold, Thomas, house and sign painter, Dearborn st
Sherman, Alanson S., mason, cor. W. Washington and Clinton
Sherman, Charles C., hostler, Mansion House
Sherman, Ezra L., teller, Illinois State Bank Branch, LaSalle st
Sherman, Francis C., contractor and builder, 85 Clark st
Sherman, Francis T., clerk, Francis C. Sherman
Sherman, Joel Sterling, farmer, Northfield
Sherman, Nathaniel, jr., Sherman & Parsons
Sherman (Oren) & Pitkin, fancy dry goods, 150 Lake street
Sherman, Silas W., ex-sheriff, 48 Clark street
Sherratt, Thomas, saloon, South Water street
Sherry, Thomas, clerk, Ira B. Eddy & Co.
Sherwood, Smith J, watchmaker and jeweller, 144 Lake st
Shields, Joseph, watch and clock repairer, Dearborn st
Shilletto, John, soap and candle maker, 3d ward
Shotwell, Henry R., Smead, Kendall & Co.
Shrigley, John, tavern keeper,
Simons, Edward, butcher, Archibald Clybourn
Sinclair, Lewis G., Parisian dyer and scourer, North Water st
Sinclair, James, tinsmith, 58 Washington street
Skinner, Charles, clerk, Mansion House
Skinner, Mark, attorney and counsellor, Clark st cor. Lake
Sloan, Charles, bricklayer, LaSalle street near Illinois
Sloan, Edward, candle maker
Smale, Samuel, stair-builder,
Smead, H. A., Smead, Kendall & Co.


Smead Kendall & Co., ready-made clothing, 106 Lake street
Smith, Abiel, pressman, Chicago Democrat office
Smith, Barney, butcher, h lake shore, cor. Madison st
Smith, Benjamin, tailor, Dearborn street, cor. Washington
Smith, Bradner, carpenter, North State st
Smith, Charles C., law student, Spring & Goodrich
Smith, Christopher, milkman, State street
Smith Dr. D. S., over Clark's drug store, cort Lake and Clark
Smith, Elijah, merchant tailor, 48 Clark street
Smith, George W., general merchant, North Water street
Smith & Co., George, bankers, exchange brokers, 187 Lake st
Smith, Henry, (Wm. B. Ogden)
Smith, Hiram B., tinsmith, Wm. Wheeler
Smith & Co., James A., hat and cap manufacturers, 127 Lake st
Smith, James M., constable, Lake street
Smith, John E., clerk, Sherman & Pitkin
Smith, John M., James A. Smith & Co., 127 Lake street
Smith, John L., clerk,
Smith, Dr. John Mark, Harmon & Loomis's store
Smith, Joseph F., clerk, Mansion House
Smith, Marcellus B., clerk,
Smith, Orson, compositor, Chicago Democrat
Smith, S. Lisle, City attorney, 107 Lake st
Smith, Theophilus W., judge Supreme Court, bds. City Hotel
Smith, W. W., clerk, S. J. Surdam
Smith, William, teamster, Adams st. bet. State and Dearborn
Snell, William Co., ship smith, North Water street
Snow & Co., Geo. W., lumber merchants, South Water st
Snow, Ira, teamster, Wells street
Snowhook, Wm. B., canal sub-contractor
Soden, William, farmer
Sollett, John, carpenter, with Updike & McClure
Soraghan, Daniel, teamster, Michigan street near Clark
Soraghan, John, teamster, North Water street near N. LaSalle
Spafford, J., tinsmith, Botsford & Beers
Spar, Andrew, stone mason, Rush street near Chicago avenue
Spaulding, Frank, bartender, "Eagle," 10 Dearborn street
Spaulding, John, carpenter and joiner
Speer, Isaac, watchmaker, with S. J. Sherwood
Spence, John C., hatter, 19 Clark st
Spence, James, canal contractor, 17 Clark street
Spencer, Thomas, carpenter, 135 Dearborn street
Sprague, Orlando, gunsmith, Lake street
Spring, Giles, attorney and counsellor at law, 107 Lake st
Staffen, Nicholas, laborer,
Stanton, Charles T., auctioneer, Stanton & Black
Stanton, Daniel D., Giles Williams & Co.
Stanton & Black, auctioneers and commission, 85 Lake street
State Bank Branch, LaSalle st, near South Water st
Starkweather, Chas. R., assist.-postmaster, P.O., 37 Clark st
Stearns & Hallam, fancy dry goods merchants, 148 Lake st
Stearns, Marcus C., Steams & Hallam
Steel, George, canal contractor
Steele, Ashbel, mason builder, 3d ward


Steele, J. W., City Refectory, 15 Dearborn st
Stephenson, Capt. Godfrey, capitalist, bds Lake House
Stevenson, Capt. Chas.
Stevens, George F., drayman, South Water st
Stevens, M. W., Graves & Stevens
Stevens, Samuel, clerk
Stevens, Wm. M., light-housekeeper, River street
Stewart, Ephriam T., canal contractor
Stewart, Hart L., canal contractor
Stewart, Capt. John, steamer Michigan
Stewart, Royal, attorney at law, Lake street
Stocking, Rev. S. H., Methodist church, Washington cor. Clark
Stocking, Capt. schooner Jefferson, bds. Shakespeare
Stockwell, George, laborer, South Water street
Stone, Horatio O., groceries and provisions, South Water street
Stone, John, wood-chopper,
Storms, Abram, carpenter and builder, State street
Storkey, George, cattle dealer,
Stose (Clemens) & White (—.), blacksmiths, Randolph nr Wells
Stow, Edward, portrait painter, Lake street
Stow, Henry M., iron merchant, 11 and 13 Clark street
Stow, William H., foundry, West Randolph street
Stowell, E. C., stage-coach ticket agent, 123 Lake street
St. Palais, Maurice de, Catholic priest, nr cor. Wells & Randolph
Strachan (A.) & Scott, (W.) bankers, etc., 189 Lake street
Strail, Isaac, hardware, etc., Osbourn & Strail
Strail, J. Milo, clerk, Osbourn & Strail
Stratton, Homer, blacksmith, Asahel Pierce
Strausel, Martin, boot and shoe maker, LaSalle street
Strode, James M., register land office, Saloon Building, Clark st
Stuart, Dr. J. Jay, Rush st, opposite the Lake House
Stuart, Wm, publisher and editor of Chicago Daily American, cor. So. Water and Clark sts
Stuart, Alexander, pressman, Daily American office
Sturtevant, Austin D., school-teacher
Sturtevant, Noah, painter
Sullivan, A., actor, Chicago Theatre
Sullivan, Jeremiah H., canal sub-contractor
Sullivan, Owen, blacksmith, Dearborn street
Sulzer, Andrew, brewer, cor. Pine street and Chicago ave
Sulzer, Conrad, gardener, Lake View
Sulzer, Frederick, florist and nurseryman, Lake View
Surdam, Samuel J., dry goods, etc., 136 Lake st
Swain, Philip, coppersmith, William Wheeler & Co.
Sweeney, John, canal contractor, cor. Kinzie and N. Franklin
Sweeny, John, carpenter, bds. Henry Goodrich
Sweet, C., grocery and provision store, North Water st
Sweetser, J. Oldham, dentist, Rush st opposite Lake House
Swift, Richard K., pawnbroker, 100 Lake st

Talcott, Edward B., United States Marshal


Talcott, Mancel, farmer, Milwaukee ave
Talley, Alfred M., compositor, Chicago Democrat office
Tallmadge, S. W., boot and shoe maker, W. H. Adams
Tastaven, Basil, carpenter, bds 141 Randolph street
Tastaven, Peter, carpenter, bds 141 Randolph street
Taylor, Andrew, blacksmith, William Harman
Taylor, Anson H., general supply store, near the Garrison
Taylor, Augustin Deodat, carpenter and builder, 74 Lake st
Taylor, Charles, tailor, Clark street
Taylor, Charles H., tailor, Francis H. Taylor
Taylor, Daniel, boot and shoemaker, 120 Lake st
Taylor, Deodat, carpenter, A. D. Taylor
Taylor Col. Edmund D., Taylor, Breese Co., Lake street
Taylor, Ezra, Henry Wolcott's boarding-house
Taylor, Francis H., tailor, Wolf Point
Taylor, Francis, tailor, Francis H. Taylor
Taylor, George, tailor, Francis H. Taylor
Taylor, Ithream, blacksmith and horse shoer, Randolph street
Taylor, John, grocery and ship stores, West Water near Randoph
Taylor, L. D., at Augustin D. Taylor's
Taylor, Reuben, teamster, Monroe street near Market st
Taylor, Solomon, boot and shoe maker, Lake st
Taylor, William, compositor, Daily American office
Taylor, William H., (Dan. Taylor)
Taylor, Breese & Co., dry goods, etc., Lake street near Clark
Temple, Dr. John T., 218 Lake st
Temple, Dr. Peter, real estate agent, block 17, School Section
Tew, Prof. Geo. C., phrenologist, Cass street near Illinois
Thatcher, David C., gunsmith, Peacock & Thatcher
Thirds, William, carpenter and builder,
Thomas, William, carpenter and joiner
Thompson, Oliver H., dry goods and groceries, 102 Lake street
Tiernan, Hugh, head-waiter, Mansion House
Timoney, John, laborer, North Water street near LaSalle
Timoney, Patrick, laborer, bds James Carney
Tinkham, Edward I., cashier, (George Smith & Co.)
Titus, —, tavern-keeper, Murphy & Titus
Toreson, Holstein, gardener, Walter L. Newberry
Towner, Norman K., clerk, Newberry & Dole
Trader, James, attorney at law, Saloon Buildings, Clark street
Trader, Moses, tavern-keeper, cor. South Water and LaSalle sts
Tripp, Robinson, carpenter, 119 Clark street
Troop, B., hats, caps, etc., New York House, 180 Lake street
Trumbull, James, dry goods jobber, at James A. Marshall's
Trowbridge, Samuel G., mail contractor, Clark street
Tucker, Henry, Dodge & Tucker
Tucker, Thomas E., cooper, South Water street
Tupper, Chester, house-mover, 46 Dearborn street
Turner, Charles, hostler, John and Leighton Turner
Turner, John and Leighton, livery stables, cor. North State and Kinzie streets
Turner, Capt. John M., Milwaukee ave near Chicago ave
Turney, Gen. James, attorney,


Tuttle, Frederick, mail contractor, Michigan City and Chicago
Tuttle, Lucius G., clerk, post-office, 37 Clark street
Tuttle, Nelson, stage agent, 180 Lake st
Twitchell, Theodore, carpenter, North State street near Kinzie
Tyler, Elmer, tailor, up stairs, 101 Lake st

Underhill, D. H., meat market, Lake street near Dearborn
Underwood, John M., bookkeeper, Kinzie & Hunter
Updike (Peter L.) & McClure (Andrew), carpenters and builders, (Court Place) Dearborn st

Vail, Walter, Kendall, Vail & Co., 119 Lake street
Vanderburg, D., horse-dealer, bds Randolph st. nr. Dearborn
Vandercook, Charles R., clerk, Botsford & Beers
VanOsdel, John M., contractor and builder, cor. North State and Kinzie sts
VanOsdel, Jesse K., carpenter, John M. VanOsdel
VanOsdel, Wm. Clark, carpenter, North Water street near State
Vassett, George, laborer,
Vaughan, William & D., clothes brokers, 159 Lake street
Vibbard & Tripp, dry goods, etc., Lake street
Villiard, L. N., grocery and provision store, 187 1/2 Lake st
Vogt, John, bricklayer, cor. Cass and Pearsons streets
Voisar, Germain, laborer, bds Joseph Willemin

Wadhams, Carlton, milkman, Wooster & Wadhams
Wadhams, Seth, clerk, bds. Illinois Exchange
Wadsworth, Elisha, dry goods. Lake street
Wadsworth, Julius, agent, Hartford Insurance Co., 105 Lake st
Wait, H. M., grocery and provision store, Lake st
Wait, William, blacksmith,
Wakeman, Samuel, school-teacher, West Lake st. nr. N. Canal
Walker & Co., Charles, grocers and provision merchants,. South Water st, near State Walker, Almond, (Charles Walker & Co.)
Walker, Francis, attorney, bds. Ebenezer Peck
Walker, Joel H., bds. City Hotel
Walker, Martin O., mail contractor, (Frink & Walker) 123 Lake
Wallace, John S., canal contractor
Walker, Virgil, lumber dealer, River street
Walter, Casper, grocer and saloon, Clark street, near the ferry
Walter, Joel C., (H. Norton & Co.)
Walter, Ethan, grocer, Dearborn street Walter, Victor, tailor
Walton, Nelson C., grocer and provision store, North Water st
Wandall, John, Great Western (variety store), 152 1/2 Lake st
Ward, Bradish, clerk, James A. Marshall
Ward, Henry, brickmaker, Superior street, near the River
Warbreton, William, carpenter,
Ward, Bernard, teamster, 5th ward
Ware, Joseph, engraver, Clark street near South Water
Warner, Samuel M., grocer, Lake st. bet LaSalle and Wells
Warner, Seth P., clerk, Charles Walker & Co., South Water st
Warner, Spencer, carpenter, 201 Wabash ave


Warner, Wm., fanning-mill maker, Jas. V. Dickey
Warren, William, comedian, Chicago Theatre
Wasenden, Soarth, ship carpenter, LaSalle street
Watkins, Thomas, clerk, Post-office
Watkins, Charles, carpenter
Waters, Benjamin, carpenter,
Watson, A. Lansing, carpenter
Wayman, Samuel, painter, (Wayman & Dimmick)
Wayman, William, wagonmaker, Randolph street near Franklin
Wayman, Wm., house and sign painter, Franklin st
Webber, Henry, gardener, Cass street cor. White
Webster, Thomas, banker, (Geo. Smith & Co.)
Webster & Boggs, carpenters and builders, State cor. VanBuren
Weiss, Frederick, baker, John Pfund
Weir, John B, cabinet and chair maker, 184 Lake st
Welch, John, farmer, South Branch, north of 22d street
Welch, Patrick, farmer, South Branch, north of 22d street
Weller, George, teamster,
Weller, John, teamster,
Wellington, E. F., gamboleer, Randolph street near State
Wells, H. G., grocery and provision store, 101 Lake st
Wells, Seth, (chess player), bds Lake House
Wells, Wm., plasterer, bds. Buffalo Hotel, South Water street
Wentworth, John, editor and publisher of Chicago Democrat, 107 Lake st Wesencraft, Chas., carpenter and wagonmaker, Clinton c.Monroe
Wesencraft, William, painter, cor. Clinton and Monroe street
West, James, waterman, Michigan st, bt. Rush and Pine
West, Thomas, waterman, Illinois st cor. Pine
Westcott, Capt., 6th ward
Wetherell, J. B., real estate dealer, bds Tremont House
Wheeler, A. B., cigar manufacturer, Dearborn street near Lake
Wheeler, George, real estate dealer, North Dearborn street
Wheeler, Russell F., Wheeler & Peck
Wheeler, W. F., dry goods merchant, 107 Lake st.
Wheeler & Co., Wm., tin, sheet-iron, and coppersmith, 145 Lake
Wheeler & Peck, wholesale liquor dealers, Dearborn street
Wheelock, O. L., carpenter, A. Storms
Whitbeck, Henry, blacksmith, Asahel Pierce, Market street
Whitcomb, Lot, real estate dealer,
Whitney, James M., blacksmith, Asahel Pierce
White, Alex., house, sign, and ornamental painter, N. Water st near North Dearborn White, Christopher, teamster, William Lill
White, George, carpenter, North Canal street near West Lake
White, George, City Crier, Market st, or at Stanton & Black's
White, Marcus L., merchant
Whiting, Sam., mate steamer St. Louis
Whiting, J. Tallman, clerk, Wm. L. Whiting
Whiting, Wm. L., produce and commission merchant, Hubbard & Co.'s warehouse. North water st near Rush
Whitlock, Thomas, boot and shoe maker, 104 Lake st
Wicker, Charles G., groceries, 87 Lake st., (J. H. & C. G. W.)
Wicker, Joel H., groceries, etc., 87 Lake street


Wickwire, Capt. William, schooner Minerva Smith
Wiggins, William, carpenter, North Water street
Wilcox, Leonard, gunsmith, Lake street
Wilde, Moloney & Co., dry goods, etc., South Water street
Wilde, George W., dry goods, Wilde, Moloney & Co.
Wilder, Col. Benj., contractor, Clark st, south of Twelfth
Wilcox, Leonard, gunsmith, Peacock & Thatcher
Wilkinson, Elias R., (T. K. Carter & Co.)
Willard, Alonzo J., teamster, bds Vermont House
Willard, Dr. Simeon, State street cor. of Washington
Willemin, Joseph, blacksmith, 141 Randolph street
Williams, Kiel, laborer, cor. Oak and Rush street
Williams, Eli B., Recorder, cor. Clark and Randolph sts, and groceries, etc., South Water st, bet Dearborn and State sts
Williams & Co., Giles, groceries, salt, etc., South Water street
Williams, Giles, Stow & Williams
Williams, J., haircutting and shaving-shop, 90 Lake st
Wills, Solomon, clerk, Circuit Court Clerk's office
Wilson, Benj. M., hardware, etc., North Water street
Wilson, John C., grocer, North Clark st. alderman, 5th ward
Wilson, John L., on the canal
Wilson, John M., attorney at law, Michigan ave
Wilson, Joseph, farmer, Arch. Clybourn
Wilson, Richard L, canal contractor, on the canal
Winchell, Sylvester, teamster, Michigan ave.
Winship, Joseph, bread and biscuit baker, South Water street
Wolcott, Alex., clerk Steamer Geo. W. Dole, for St. Joseph
Wolcott, Edward, druggist, L. M. Boyce
Wolcott, Henry H., clerk, W. L. Whiting
Wolcott, Henry, private boarding house, cor. North State and Kinzie sts
Wolf, Andrew,
Wood, Alonzo C., mason builder, Cass street near Ohio
Wood, Dr., 159 Lake street
Woodbury, Adoniram Judson, bookkeeper, George W. Snow
Woodbury, Hiram, clerk, bds Mrs. Woodbury
Woodville, N. D., printer, Chicago American office
Woodworth, Robert P. & James H., wholesale dry goods merchants, 103 Lake st
Wooster, (D. N.) & Wadhams, (Carlton,) milkmen, Michigan avenue near 14th street
Worthingham, William, plasterer, Adams st near Clark
Wraight, Thomas, gardener, block c. Desplaines & Washington
Wright, Edward, Michigan ave. cor. Madison
Wright, John, Michigan ave. cor. Madison st
Wright, John S., forwarding commission merchant, N. Water st
Wright, Timothy, Michigan ave, cor. Madison st
Wright, Truman G., speculator, bds Tremont House
Wright, Walter, Michigan ave. cor. Madison st
Wright, Winthrop,

Yates, Horace H., grocery and provision store, 39 Clark st
Yoe, Peter L., bookkeeper, Walter S. Gurnee
Young, —, blacksmith, Randolph street, near Clark



Baptist Church, Rev. I. T. Hinton, LaSalle st, nr. Washington.
Catholic Church, Lake st, cor. State. Rev. Timothy O'Meara.
Methodist Church, Rev. S. H. Stocking, Washington st cor Clark
Presbyterian Church, Rev. F. Bascom, Clark st, nr Washington.
St. James' Episcopal Church, Cass st, cor. Illinois. Isaac W. Hallam, rector.
First Unitarian Church, City Saloon, cor. Clark and Lake sts. Rev. Joseph Harrington, pastor.


Chicago Hotel, cor. West Lake and Canal sts
Chicago Temperance House, LaSalle near Lake street
City Hotel, N.-W. cor. Clark and Randolph sts
Columbian House, Wells st cor. South Water
Illinois Exchange, 192 Lake st cor. Wells
Lake House, cor. Rush and North Water sts
Lake Street Coffee House, 141 Lake st
Mansion House, 88 Lake st
New York House, 184 Lake st
Sauganash Hotel, Market st, cor. Lake st
Shakespeare, cor. Kinzie and Rush streets
Southern Hotel, cor. State and Twelfth sts
Tremont House, n.-w. cor. Lake and Dearborn sts
United States Hotel, West Water st cor. West Randolph
Western Hotel, cor. West Randolph and Canal streets

Circuit Clerk's office, N.-E. cor. of Public Square
Recorder's office, N.-E. cor. of Public Square
Jail and Sheriff's office, N.-W. cor. of Public Square
Post office, 37 Clark street, Saloon Buildings
U.S. Garrison, north end of Michigan ave., on the river
U. S. Light House, cor. River st, (at Rush st bridge)
U.S. Land Office Receiver, Eli S. Prescott, 177 Lake street
U.S. Land Office Register, Jas. M. Strode, over 37 Clark st
Chicago Theatre, 8 and 10 Dearborn street
Saloon Buildings, South-East corner of Lake and Clark sts
Chicago Lyceum, Grant Goodrich, Pres't, Saloon Buildings
Tippecanoe Hall, (Whig,) n.-e. cor. North State and Kinzie sts
Egan Row, Dearborn street, south of Tremont House
Blanchard Row, Washington st, So. bet. LaSalle and Wells sts
Dutch Settlement, north of Chicago ave. and east of Clark st


City Register.



First Ward.
James A. Smith,
Oliver H. Thompson.

Second Ward.
Eli S. Prescott,
Clemens C. Stose.

Third Ward.
William H. Stow,
Ira Miltimore.

Fourth Ward.
John Murphy,
Asahel Pierce.

Fifth Ward.
Henry L. Rucker,
John C. Wilson.

Sixth Ward.
John H. Kinzie,
Buckner S. Morris.


HIGH CONSTABLE — Samuel J. Lowe.

ASSESSORS — First Ward, Alvin Calhoun; Second Ward, Thos. Brock; Third Ward, Thos. C. James; Fourth Ward, John Gray; Fifth Ward, James Duffy; Sixth Ward, Jacob Raynor.

CHIEF ENGINEER — Alvin Calhoun; Assistant-Engineers — Charles T. Stanton and George Chacksfield.

CITY CLERK — Wm. W. Brackett.

COLLECTOR — Erastus Bowen.

TREASURER — George W. Dole.


CITY ATTORNEY — S. Lisle Smith.

CITY PHYSICIAN — Charles V. Dyer.

CITY SURVEYOR — Asa F. Bradley.


SCHOOL INSPECTORS — Peter Bolles, David Moore, John Scott, Daniel Elston, J. Y. Scammon, Wm. H. Brown, Nathan H. Bolles.

POLICE CONSTABLES — Samuel J. Lowe, Daniel B. Heartt, D. C. Allen, George M. Huntoon.

FIRE WARDENS — First Ward, N. H. Bolles; Second Ward, Jeremiah Price; Third Ward, John Gray; Fourth Ward, John Miller; Fifth Ward, David Moore; Sixth Ward, Alonzo Wood.

BOARD OF HEALTH — Drs. Brainard, Gay, and Betts.


Mayors of the City of Chicago.

City incorporated, March, 1837.

1837 — William B. Ogden.
1838 — Buckner S. Morris.
1839 — Benjamin W. Raymond.
1840 — Alexander Loyd.
1841 — Francis C. Sherman.
1842 — Benjamin W. Raymond.
1843 — Augustus Garrett.
1844 — Alanson S. Sherman.
1845 — Augustus Garrett.
1846 — John P. Chapin.
1847 — James Curtiss
1848 — James H. Woodworth.
1849 — James H. Woodworth.
1850 — James Curtiss.
1851 — Walter S. Gurnee.
1852 — Walter S. Gurnee.
1853 — Charles M. Gray.
1854 — Isaac L. Milliken.
1855 — Levi D. Boone.
1856 — Thomas Dyer.
1857 — John Wentworth.
1858 — John C. Haines.
1859 — John C. Haines.
1860 — John Wentworth.
1861 — Julian S. Rumsey.
1862 — Francis C. Sherman.
1864 — Francis C. Sherman.
1865 — John B. Rice.
1867 — John B. Rice.
1869 — Roswell B. Mason.
1871 — Joseph Medill.
1873 — Harvey D. Colvin.

Sheriffs of Cook County.

County organized, 1831.

1831 — James Kinzie.
1832 — Stephen Forbes.
1834 — Silas W. Sherman.
1836 — Silas W. Sherman.
1838 — Isaac R. Gavin.
1840 — Ashbel Steele.
1842 — Samuel J. Lowe.
1844 — Samuel J. Lowe.
1846 — Isaac Cook.
1848 — Isaac Cook.
1850 — William L. Church.
1852 — Cyrus P. Bradley.
1854 — James Andrew. James S. Beach, Coroner, and ex-officio Sheriff, from April 28th, 1855 to Nov., 1856.
1856 — John L. Wilson.
1858 — John Gray.
1860 — Anthony C. Hesing.
1862 — David Hammond.
1864 — John A. Nelson.
1866 — John L. Beveridge.
1868 — Gustav Fisher. Benj L. Cleaves, Coroner, and ex-officio Sheriff, from April 15th, 1870 to Nov., 1870 1870 — Timothy M. Bradley. 1872 — Timothy M. Bradley.
1874 — Francis Agnew.


Charter Election, May 2, '37.


For Mayor:

For High-Constable:

For Aldermen:

For Assessors:
1st Ward — ERASTUS BOWEN. 4th Ward — WM. FORSYTH.


For Mayor:

For High-Constable:

For Aldermen:
1st Ward — J. C. GOODHUE, F. C. SHERMAN.

For Assessors:
[The names of the Assessors cannot be found.]

1st ward — "Eagle," No. 10 Dearborn Street.
2d " — Lincoln Coffee House.
3d " — Chas. Taylor's House, Canal Street.
4th " — Chicago Hotel (Cox's), N.-E. cor. N. Canal and W. Lake Streets.
5th " — Canal Office, N. Water Street.
6th " — Franklin House (Eachus & Dennis), N. Water St.

1st ward — Wilson McClintock, E. H. Hadduck, F. C. Sherman
2d " — Alex. Loyd, P. F. W. Peck, Geo. W. Dole.
3d " — Ashbel Steele, Charles Taylor, Geo. Vardon.
4th " — David Cox, John C. Hugunin, F. A. Howe.
5th " — Joel Manning, Patrick Murphy, Bemsley Huntoon.
6th " — Gholson Kercheval, J. H. Kinzie, E. S. Kimberly.


TUESDAY, MAY 2, 1837.

Sidney Abel,
Luther Nichols,
W. Winters,
Isaac N. Arnold,
Peter Pruyne,
B. H. Kent,
Bennett Bailey,
John Robson,
Chester Tupper.
H. Bailey, sworn
John Sammons,
M. Shonts,
Pat'k Ballingall,
J. Shadeller,
Daniel Miller,
Medor B. Beaubien,
James Sinclair,
James H. Collins,
Samuel C. Bennett, Barney Smith, John Kelly,
Nathan H. Bolles
John Smith,
Joseph Adams,
John Calhoun,
S. F. Spaulding,
Daniel McKenzie.
Henry B. Clarke, Augustin D. Taylor,
Ebenezer Peck,
J. H. Coffin,
Edmund D. Taylor,
J. Wentworth, sworn
Peter Cohen,
Peter L. Updike,
E. H. Mulford,
F. G. Conner,
H. C. Walker,
Daniel Brainard,
A. Jackson Cox,
Anson Weed,
W. Andrews,
J. G. Dawley,
Slater West,
Enoch Plummer,
Charles V. Dyer,
Eli B. Williams,
J. C. Goodhue.
Thomas Ely,
Wm. Worthingham,
H. Harrington,
Charles M. Gray,
William Jones,
Robinson Tripp,
Joseph H. Gray,
W. West,
Ira Couch,
David P. Foot,
H. L. Patterson,
John Wright,
Jared Fordham
S. Ward,
C. W. Spafford,
C. C. Franklin,
Edward L. Thrall,
Francis C. Sherman,
John Hackett,
J. H. Walker,
John Boyd,
Eri B. Hulbert,
Ambrose Burnham,
Hiram B. Smith,
Henry King,
E. Gale,
M. O'Connor,
John Knight,
J. K. Palmer,
J. F. Brown,
David Lake,
H. Burk,
A. J. Luce,
George Lamb, sworn
L. Morse,
David Carver,
Albert G. Leary,
Wm. Montgomery,
J. M. Smith,
W. McClintock,
Alex. N. Fullerton,
L. F. Lewis,
Alex. McDommerly,
J. Scott,
John R. Livingston.
John Melray,
James M. Strode,
B. F. Monroe,
Ephriam Morrison,
David S. Smith,
John Patterson,
Orsemus Morrison
Alanson Follansbee,
Colon Ware.


L. C. P. Freer,
Thomas A. Clark,
F. A. Harding,
T. O. Davis,
Royal Stewart,
Thomas T. Durant,
Alvin Calhoun,
Isaac D. Harmon,
Edward Casey,
Hiram Mallory,
Jabez K. Botsford,
George W. Merrill,
J. Young Scammon,
Parker M. Cole,
John W. Hooker,
Joseph L. Hanson,
Tyler K. Blodgett,
Charles C. Smith,
John. F. Spalding,
Curtis Havens
Giles Spring,
Oliver H. Thompson,
Elijah K. Hubbard,
L. B. Goodsell
Levi D. Boone,
Ezekiel Morrison,
William Stuart
C. B. Ware,
David Gelland,
H. Terrill,
Joseph Meeker,
James A Smith,
Charles Adams,
J. B. Wetherell,
Lorin Graves,
J. Gardner,
George W. Snow,
David Hatch,
Alva V. Frasier,
James H. Rees,
Cyrenus Beers,
Edw. H. Haddock,
H. Markoe,
Simeon Loveland,
Frederick A. Howe,
William Bond,
Seth Paine,
A. Nobles,
Robert Truman,
Samuel C. Dennis,
E. S. Hopkins,
James Spence,
Erastus Bowen,
Charles McClure,
Heman Bond,
W. K. Marchal,
S. Willis Grannis,
P. Balcom,
John L. Wilson,
Dexter Graves,
J. Sharp,
Thomas Wright,
Edward Colvin.
W. Finney,
M. Ayres,

Solomon Lincoln
Mich'l Fitzsimmons
A. H. Beard
Henry Rhines
M. Castigen
A. Grusgutt
Samuel J. Lowe
Samuel Carpenter
James O'Brien
Thomas Marr
P. Groover
Daniel Levinney
Russell Wheeler
John Perian
H. Duffey
Peter Bolles
Godford Stevens
J. Beach
C. McWhorter
H. McCarley
Eli S. Prescott
S. S. Bradley
M. Fisher
J. Walker
Daniel B. Heartt
B. Miglog
John C. Rue
Charles P. Hogan
Hiram Hugunin
Chas. H. Chapman
P. Higgins
Samuel Wayman
Moses Dutton
J. C. Hibson
Benj. Briggs
Valentine A. Boyer
W. Devere
Joseph Peacock
P. J. Kimball
J. Spencer
P. McConnel
J. Sweeney
Michael Glen
F. C. Tupper
D. Conley
Silas W. Sherman
J. Norris
D. Crawley
Richard Murphy
James A. Merrie
R. Halney
F. C. Bold
H. Mitchell
John Lang
John Larry
A. Coop
Alexander Loyd
J. Outhet
Geo. F. Horehart
E. E. Hunter
J. O'Rourke
M. Croushong
Michael Frarey
T. Watkins
E. Lelley
James Carney
J. McCormick
J. Lane
Thomas Farlin
J. J. Kinnon
T. C. Sampson
Augustus H. Burley
Wm. Alamhart
A. Brigg
John Sarlney
D. Denney
S. J. Graves
John Campton
H. Brown


John Sennet
J. M. Hammond
J. P. Johnston
John Dunlap
M. Nigle
P. Donahue
Louis Malzacher
Alonzo Huntington
John Rice
Stephen M. Edgel
Edward Dimmock
Peter Shaddle
William Wiggins
Wm. Jinkins
L. F. Monroe
John Mitchell
Isaac R. Gavin
Jacob Gramos
Dennis S. Dewey
A. Bailey
J. J. Jones
A. Tholser
P. J. Duncan
Peter Dolesey
T. Bailey
T. Fox
John Woodhouse
Edmund Gill
J. McCord
Jacob Milemin
Martin Stidel
J. Sullivan
C. Benedict
Samuel J. Grannis
A. Duckman
Joseph Winship
V. Mclntire
J. Gluwater
John Shrigley
W. M. Hartley
O. Sheppheard
O. Mahan
C. Longwood
F. Goodman
Thos. Wolfinger
J. Dailey
D. Harsem
S. B. Dane
O. Brian
C. Culshaw
E. F. Brown
Peter Casey
John W. Eldridge
N. Winslow
A. Berg
Wm. B. French
John Gormonly
John Ashman
Simon Cooley
George Dolton
B. Peck
John Ryan
J. Minney
T. Lacey
Michael Buck
Michael Lantry
George Bryan
T. O. Maley
S. Hurley
P. Whitmore
Fra's G. Blanchard
John Murphey
Robert Garner
John K. Boyer
P. Kelley
Joseph Shields
John Knight
John Black
R. Jones
J. Dickson
Wm. B. Noble
Clemens Stose
James Lenon
Thomas Ghan
J. Funk
John Archdale
C. De Wier
A. Panakaske
M. Sanduskey
H. Bird
Edward Manierre
Robert Hart
J. C. Gauck
Wm. Hague
John Dillon
P. Rogers
John H. Butler

John M. Turner
F. D. Marshall
George Law
Star Foot
Thomas Hamilton
A. S. Bates
L. T. Howard
L. Johnston
T. Jenkins
Abraham Gale
C. Walter
R. Drummond
— Butler
O. Sprague
E. Simons
George Patterson
Tuthill King
James O. Humphrey
Silas B. Cobb
J. McLabban
Abram F. Clarke
S. C. George
George W. Dole
H. H. Magee
Joseph N. Balestier
R. Price
A. Hatch
William Truman
James Rockwell
P. J. Monroe
J. F. T. Libb
John P. Cook
W. H. Clarke
John Jay Stuart
John Dolesey
T. C. Tucker
Smith J. Sherwood
Francis Walker
T. S. Hide
W. Haskins
Jeremiah Price
John P. Chapin
Philo Carpenter
M. Smith
James White
H. L. Roberts
J. Briggs
John Dei
Arthur G. Burley
E. S. Hobbie
M. Dunning
H. Zalle
C. Murphy
A. D. Higgins
P. S. Smith
John Casey
Thomas Brock
John Pomeroy
P. F. W. Peck
Benj. W. Raymond


FOR WILLIAM B. OGDEN: Samuel Southerden
Morris O. Jones
Lewis P. Dekart
Oliver Lozier
George Vardon
L. C. Hugunin
Hamilton Barnes
S. E. Downer
Mitchell Ferryark
Thomas James
William Mitchell
George Chacksfield
George U. Gun
John Welch
John B. Miller
Henry Walton
George Davis
John Rudiman
John B. Weir
George Brown
Joseph Wilberman
John Bates, Jr.
Patrick Welch
Joseph Calef
William H. Barber
John Mahan
Peter Sawnett
Charles Taylor
Solomon Taylor

J. S. P. Lord
Thomas Bishop
John Gage
Ashbel Steele
David Bradley
James Crawford
Thomas Cook
Charles A. Lawber
Henry Burke

A. M. Talley
Charles Cleaver
Francis H, Taylor
T. W. Chadwick
George M. Davis
Asahel Pierce
Patrick Lane
Isaac Haight
Francis Peyton
E. F. Wellington
Samuel M. Brooks
Joel D. Howe
George Frost
William Ford
William Saltonstall
John B. Brodain
Samuel Akin
Zemos Allen
Seth P. Warner
James Wakeman
Seth Johnson
Geo. White
Edward Perkins
Philip Will
Homer Stratton
J. W. Titus
Alford Allen
A. Chapron
Jas. Mathews
Lucien Peyton
John Welmaher
A. S. Sherman
N. Christia
Christian Astah
John C. Hugunin
George Hays
Thomas Oak
P. E. Cassaday
Frederick A. Howe
Stephen Harrel
Alexander Logan
James Lafrombois
James Jenkins
James M. Whitney
R. W. Hyde
William Carneyhaw
Henry Taylor
George Atterbury
Robert Marshall

Edward Perkins
Antoine Loupean
Edward Parsons
William Forsyth
John Ludby
James Kinzie
Francis Chapron
Daniel Elston
David Cox
Marshall Cornair

John Dunehen
John Hart
J. Eddy
John Coats
John Lenay
J. McCue
John Wilson
J. W. Donnell
J. McLaughlin
Joseph Kent
A. Gartley
B. Adouy
Bryan Curley
B. Cain
P. Grodavent


P. Scott
T. Farrell
T. Hughes
M. Spelman
E. Gibbins
T. Carrall
T. Midery
T. McNamara
W. Bell
Wm. Fowls
P. Monaghen
D. Moore
P. Conlen
T. Riden
H. Frye
P. Finney
M. O. Midloy
J. Breadman
P. Murphy
T. Brown
J. D. Oddman
H. Galloughent
Henry Cunningham
H. Harmer
T. Weed
E. B. Talcott
J. Connolley
T. McHale
M. Baumgarten
J. King
B. Ward
G. Peyton
L. Frey
T. Gormoniley
S. Dougan
N. Thomason
A. Sullivan
J. Seymour
P. Bartlett
M. Burk
J. Mallady
T. McGee
P. Ackles

T. Wilson
Bemsley Huntoon

James West
Wm. V. Smith
Hiram Pearsons
William Lill
D. Drummond
John Allen
P. Campbell
V. B. Keith
J. L. Campbell
John Censure
D. Bucknell
W. Boyden
E. Flosser
A. Hoofmin
D. Ryan
T. Zoliski
H. A. Pardee
J. S. Olin
L. Barber
F. Carroll
S. Sexton
E. T. Ward
John Turner
W. Koas
J. Kennedy
G. Pardee
J. Whorton
Robert Shepperd
F. Freeman
W. Armstrong
J. M. Baxley
J. Tornee
J. Vanderbogert
J. S. Wheeler
C. Conner
P. Kelsey
J. Godlin
William B. Egan
J. Ferisu
J. Tracey
Wm. Harman
Ralph Peck
J. Mills
N. J. Brown
A. Hall
P. Hadley
H. O. Stone
W. Burns
E. S. Kimberly
Thomas Carroll
Thomas Cody
Gholson Kercheval
P. Baumgarten
J. Miller
S. D. Pierce
C. S. Tibbles
Pattieson Nickalls
E. Cammock
M. Vanderbogert
E. N. Churchill
E. Suil
Francis Kesler
B. F. Hall
S. Jackson
J. T. Betts
J. N. Haves
L. Hunt
T. Sullivan
Morgan Shapley
W. Sabine
D. Calliun
S. Gifford

Luke Wood
James L. Howe
L. L. Cheeney
John N. Bronson
F. Haughton
J. Grant
Charles Pettit
J. Stofer
M. Clinton
J. T. Callis
Abijah S. Perry
B. D. Wheeler
L. G. Osborne
Isaac Legg
Alonzo C. Wood


W. B. Plumb
J. Forcht
D. Creden
Robert A. Kinzie
A. Spoor
E. C. Brackett
B. Emerson
George Legg
J. Schrider
Chris. H. Berkinbile
T. Barnum
J. Magger
Grant Goodrich
N. R. Norton
G. Wills
Walter L. Newberry
S. Akers
J. Chandler
J. T. Hinsdale
W. Sterns
A. C. Hamilton
Lewis C. Kercheval
S. Smith
J. Soother
Josiah E. McClure
T. Shepherd
W. Anderson
John B. F. Russell
W. A. Thompson
J. Brown
T. Greenwood
Charles Harding
J. Lampman
John M. Underwood
Thomas Wilson
G. Frost
Gurdon S. Hubbard
A. Cole
P. Butler
J. Crawford
H. Warren
W. Halpin
M. Miller
S. M. Greenwood
C. F. How
S. Northrup
Henry G. Hubbard
W. Carrivan
P. Cable
J. Nesbit
E. Farr
Buckner S. Morris
C. Ford
F. German
A. Overhart
A. Hubbard

Total votes in Chicago in 1837 by wards:
First 170
Second 238
Third 38
Fourth 59
Fifth 60
Sixth 144
Total votes in Chicago in 1837 by divisions:
South 408
West 97
North 204

FIRST — South side east of Clark street.
SECOND — South side west of Clark street to the River.
THIRD — South of West Randolph street, west of the River.
FOURTH — West of the River, north of West Randolph street.
FIFTH — North of the River, west of North Clark street.
SIXTH — North of the River, east of North Clark street.


Lots Sold.

From the 10th to the 24th of June, inclusive. Known as the BEAUBIEN, or RESERVATION Lands.
Aggregate amount of Sales, about $100,000.
B'k. Lot. Bidders. A'mt. B'k. Lot. Bidders. Am't.
1   Reserved.     15 A. Bronson, 233
2 1 H. Norton, $2657   16 " 267
  2 " 1557   17 " 303
  3 A. J. Underhill, 1506   18 " 333
  4 " 1506   19 " 433
  5 L. R. Lyon, 1400   20 " 363
  6 " 1500   21 " 303
  7 George S. Smith, 1509   22 " 583
  8 Reserved.     23 P. Strachan, 630
  9       24 C. Lyon, 350
  10       25 L. R. Lyon, 300
3 1 C. M. Reed, 2500   26 " 250
          27 D. Brainard, 230
  2 " 2000   28 L. R. Lyon, 250
  3 " 2000   29 P. Fitzgibbons, 276
  4 M. D. Ogden, 2000   30 L. R. Lyon, 325
  5 T. Church and H. O. Stone, 1077   31 " 325
  6 A. Bronson, 233   32 Dr. H. Humphrey, 431
          33 L. R. Lyon, 400
  7 E. B. Hurlburt, 2100   34 " 200
  8 I. Cook, Jas. Turney 4150   35 P. Fitzgibbon, 265
4 1 Reserved.     36 L. R. Lyon, 200
  2       37 P. Fitzgibbon, 262
  3       38 J. Burgess, 226
  4       39 C. Walker, 408
  5       40    
  6       41 Geo. L. Campbell, 195
  7 Thomas Webster, 206   42 L. C. Kercheval, 153
  8 A. Bronson, 303   43 Geo. L. Campbell, 150
  9 L. R. Lyon, 150   44 John Foot, 152
  10 A. Bronson, 303 5 1 Reserved.  
  11 " 303   2    
  12 " 303   3    
  13 " 303   4    
  14 " 303   5    


B'k. Lot. Bidders. A'mt. B'k. Lot. Bidders. Am't.
  6 J. H. Collins, 211   11 P. Strachan, 404
  7 " 211   12 Pat. Timony, 451
  8 " 210   13 O. H. Thompson, 503
  9 " 209   14 " 576
  10 " 208   15 " 890
  11 J. B. Beaubien, 225   16 Charles Phelps, 610
6 1 D. Root, 359   17 " 510
  2 James Carney, 263   18 " 460
  3 F. C. Sherman, 163   19 " 460
  4 " 163   20 A. G. Hobbie, 503
  5 John C. Gibson, 165   21 J. Wadsworth, 466
  6 Forfeited.     22 P. F. W. Peck, 511
7 1 Walter Kimball, 600   23 E. W. Taylor, 506
  2 " 450   24 N. King, 400
  3 S. Willard, 290   25 S. B. Collins, 527
  4 Thos. Dyer, 225   26 Mosley & McCord, 567
  5 " 225   27 J. J. Phelps 510
  6 I. N. Arnold, 238   28 Francis Walker, 776
  7 Thos. Dyer, 231   29 John Fennerty, 475
  8 " 235   30 S. N. Beers, 812
  9 John Ordes, 303 9 1 Stiles Burton, 712
  10 J. H. Kinzie, 273   2 " 612
  11 " 207   3 " 555
  12 Geo L. Campbell, 215   4 T. Church, jr., 570
  13 " 215   5 Stiles Burton, 480
  14 J. Russell, 215   6 S. N. Dexter, 429
  15 " 220   7 R. T. Haines, 455
  16 " 221   8 John Davlin, 406
  17 Geo. L. Campbell, 212   9 J. Wadsworth, 503
  18 E. S. Prescott, 137   10 S. Paine, 530
  19 E. Davlin, 167   11 S. L. Smith, 465
  20 J. H. Kinzie, 151   12 " 495
  21 A. D. Stewart, 205   13 J. M. Smith, 435
  22 " 265   14 J. Wadsworth, 481
  23 J. Butterfield, 356   15 S. L. Smith, 561
  24 " 305   16 John King, jr., 257
  25 " 312   17 " 234
  26 " 315   18 " 227
  27 S. N. Dexter, 312   19 " 227
  28 R. T. Haines, 303   20 " 212
  29 T. King & Follansbee 426   21 " 222
  30 A. D. Stewart, 351   22 " 221
  31 M. Ayers, 476   23 " 229
8 1 John Bowen, 853   24 " 237
  2 " 633   25 J. W. Hooker, 276
  3 Luke Coyne, 556   26 T. Wheeler, 215
  4 Mosely & McCord, 507   27 Thos. Dyer, 217
  5 Chas. McDonnell, 506   28 " 217
  6 S. B. Collins, 477   29 " 217
  7 Dan Taylor, 527   30 E. H. Haddock, 232
  8 " 433   31 T. Wheeler, 263
  9 James Carney, 450 10 1 R. T. Haines, 429
  10 Chas. Walker, 451   2 " 360


B'k. Lot. Bidders. A'mt. B'k Lot. Bidders. Am't.
  3 R. T. Haines, 325   7 S. Willard, 401
  4 " 315   8 " 557
  5 S. N. Dexter, 305 13 1 J. Wadsworth, 451
  6 B. McDonald, 331   2 " 401
  7 J. H. Collins, 353   3 J. K. Botsford, 470
  8 " 353   4 " 470
  9 Isaac F. Massy 300   5 A. G. Hobbie, 380
  10 S. B. Cobb, 268 1/2   6 S. Willard, 376
  11 " 247 1/2   7 J. Wadsworth, 401
  12 E. H. Haddock, 151   8 " 503
  13 " 151   9 S. Willard, 415
  14 Peter Merril, 150   10 " 403
  15 Stanton & Black, 215   11 " 376
  16 S. N. Beers, 225,   12 " 362
  17 J. Russell, 231   13 " 361
  18 " 231   14 R. T. Haines, 403
  19 E. S. Prescott, 127   15 A. Wright, 480
  20 B. M. Wilson, 201   16 " 560
  21 " 193 14 1 J. Wadsworth, 427
  22 J. M. Underwood, 161   2 " 403
  23 J. Y. Scammon, 153   3 " 327
  24 " 205   4 F. A. Marshall, 305
  25 " 215   5 John Calhoun, 319
  26 A. D. Stewart, 230   6 J. Wadsworth, 257
  27 J. K. Botsford, 215   7 " 307
  28 J. P. Chapin, 216   8 " 327
  29 S. N. Dexter, 210   9 " 307
  30 " 210   10 " 257
  31 R. T. Haines, 203   11 " 257
  32 " 210   12 " 276
  33 J. P. Chapin, 227   13 " 317
  34 A. G. Hobbie, 305   14 " 357
11 1 J. C. Gibson, 103 15 1 D. P. Foot, 375
  2 A. D. Stewart, 51   2 J. Wadsworth, 317
  3 " 51   3 J. Morrison, 251
  4 " 51   4 H. O. Stone, 300
  5 T. Church, jr., 51   5 H. A. Blakesly, 279
  6 " 51   6 J. King, jr., 306
  7 " 51   7 J. M. Morrison, 263
  8 John Wright, 65   8 W. C. Watson, jr., 303
12 1 S. Willard, 501   9 S. C. Clarke, 355
  2 " 401   10 Thos. Dyer, 357
  3 R. C. Bristol, 465   11 " 317
  4 " 465   12 " 307
  5 J. J. Phelps, 564   13 John King, jr., 366
  6 R. C. Bristol, 465   14 " 412


Population of Chicago.

1835 — 3,265
1836 — 3,820
1837 — 4,179
1838 — 4,000
1839 — 4,200
1840 — 4,479
1841 — 5, 752
1842 — 6,248
1843 — 7,580
1844 — 8,000
1845 — 12,088
1846 — 14,169
1847 — 16,859
1848 — 20,023
1849 — 23,047
1850 — 28,269
1851 — 34,437
1852 — 38,733
1853 — 60,652
1854 — 65,872
1855 — 80,028
1856 — 84,113
1857 — 93,000
1858 — 90,000
1859 — 95,000
1860 — 112,172
1861 — 120,000
1862 — 138,835
1863 — 160,000
1864 — 169,353
1865 — 178,900
1866 — 200,418
1867 — 220,000
1868 — 252,054
1869 — 273,043
1870 — 298,977
1871 — 334,270
1872 — 364,377
1873 — 465,650
1874 — 475,000
1875 — 500,000
1876 — 525,000
1885, (estimated by Jno. S. Wright,) 1,000,000.
1911, (estimated by J. N. Balestier,) 2,000,000.

"Chicago people may be excused for referring, on almost every occasion, to the greatness of our city, for its growth has become a marvel to all creation. Nothing proves the importance, absolute and relative, of the city of Chicago more than does the constant reference made to it by the rest of the world. Not a magazine paper, which has for its object the demonstration of enterprise, that does not point to Chicago; there is scarcely a modern book, be it descriptive, historical, or romantic, that does not find one or more comparisons for Chicago: the newspapers on both sides of the Atlantic have something to say in every issue about Chicago; people in the East, who feign ignorance of everything Western, always admit that they have heard remarkable things about Chicago; foreigners, who are in fact ignorant of the geography of the country and the customs of our people, know something about Chicago. Our peculiar institutions, our unparalleled growth, our well-rewarded energy — all command respect where they do not challenge rivalry and excite envy."




THE DIRECTORY OF CHICAGO, now presented to the public, may be regarded as an experiment. It must be decided by those for whose use and benefit it has been prepared, whether it is required, and can be sustained, The sudden rise, and unexampled prosperity of Chicago, have created a curiosity in regard to its early history, and the incidents connected with its rise and progress, which considerations of interest, if nothing else, impel us to embrace every suitable opportunity to gratify. It is believed, that heretofore the sources of information have been altogether inadequate to accomplish this purpose. While the most strenuous exertions have been made, in other places, by misrepresentation and down-right falsehood, in regard to our circumstances and condition, to induce emigration to stop short or to pass by us, and to divert capital and enterprise into other and foreign channels; very little or nothing has been done on our part, to remedy the evil, and disabuse the public mind abroad, of the false impressions thus engendered. Relying upon the reality which the experience of every day presents to us, of our condition — upon what we know ourselves, of the never failing sources of our prosperity, we have open comparatively indifferent in regard to the opinion of others, and blind to the effect of that opinion upon our own interest. The ignorance prevailing at the East, even in those cities with which we have the most intimate commercial relations, in regard to the size, business, and resources of Chicago, has been a matter of surprise to all whose attention has been called to the fact. The present is a most important conjuncture in our affairs. Our prospects are brightening — our harbor is nearly completed — the work on our canal shortly to be resumed — the credit of our State daily improving — and the finances of our City in a most flourishing condition. Our citizens will, we hope, forever be exempt from the burdens of heavy taxation. Never were the inducements to emigrate and settle here, greater than at the present time. It has been thought, that a Directory, containing, in addition to the matter usually introduced into such works, a brief historical and statistical account of the City, may, independent of the


benefit which our citizens will derive from it, in the transaction of business, be made to subserve the additional purpose of conveying to the public abroad a correct impression of the City, in almost every particular.

The utmost difficulty has been experienced, while preparing the historical and statistical parts of the work, in procuring facts and statements from authentic sources. Consequently, those parts are less full and perfect than they were originally intended to be — much less so than the author would have made them. Errors and omissions will doubtless be discovered throughout the work — no apologies, however, will be necessary to those who are acquainted with the difficulties in the way of preparing the first Directory for a new city. Such persons would probably be more surprised to find it in every respect perfect. Nothing has intentionally been left out that could add either to the interest or value of the work.

The greatest exertion has been made, to give the names of Germans and other Old Country people, correctly. Notwithstanding this, mistakes will doubtless be discovered in the orthography of these names, owing to the fact, that many are unable to spell their own names, in English. It is hoped, however, that instances of this kind will not be found to be numerous. In subsequent editions of the work the author hopes to be able to avoid them altogether, and also to give the names of such persons as are not included in this volume.

Chicago, it is to be remembered, is yet in its infancy, and subject to fluctuation in its population and business, more so than larger and older cities. So far as this is true, a Directory will be of less utility. It is believed, however, that this inconvenience is diminishing, and will be less felt hereafter. Our citizens are becoming sensible of the importance of fixed habitations and places of business, — and will speedily take measures to secure to themselves the benefits and advantages to be derived therefrom. This, to a considerable extent, has been effected the present season. Nearly three-fourths of our population will hereafter, at least for many years, be permanently located. Hoping that the book may be made in many ways to subserve a useful purpose, and prove the means of advancing, to some extent, the interest of our young but flourishing City, it is most respectfully submitted to the public. Our citizens have always been characterized for their liberality and public spirit. They will not, in this instance, forfeit their claims to this distinction, but will, generously and cheerfully, lend their aid and co-operation, to sustain an undertaking, designed to promote and advance the interests of the whole.

To those gentlemen who have encouraged the work, both as subscribers and advertisers, and those who have afforded information, and contributed their advice in furtherance of the design of the publication, the author would, in conclusion, tender his most sincere thanks.
CHICAGO, December 1, 1843.


Historical Sketch.

CHICAGO, Cook County, Illinois, is situated on the south-western shore of Lake Michigan, at the head of Lake navigation, in lat. 41 deg., 45 sec., north, and long. 10 deg., 45 sec., west. The site of the city occupies a level prairie, on both sides of the main stream and the north and south branches of Chicago River, and covers an area of about three and a half miles in length, north and south, and two and a half in breadth, east and west, about a mile and a half square of which is already regularly built upon, and the streets opened and graded. The streets are regularly laid out, parallel and at right angles to the Lake, and are wide and spacious. There are several extensive blocks of brick buildings, principally occupied as business houses and public offices, three and a half and four stories in height. The dwellings are principally of wood, many of them, however, very fine specimens of correct architecture. The portion of the city extending several miles along the shore of the Lake is sandy, and, consequently, at all seasons, dry. The portion removed from the Lake partakes of the character of all level prairie, being, in the spring and fall, wet and muddy. The site of the city, being a plain, does not afford, either from the Lake or the surrounding country, a very interesting field of vision. Chicago River and its branches, which run through the heart of the city, and admit, at all seasons, vessels of every class navigating the Lake, some distance into the interior, afford peculiar facilities for a harbor, and give to Chicago advantages, in a commercial point of view, unsurpassed by any city in the west. The Illinois and Michigan Canal, which is shortly to be completed, will add greatly to the natural advantages of Chicago, making it a principal point, and necessarily a place of transshipment on the great northern route, connecting the Atlantic States with the valley of the Mississippi. The city is bounded on the south and west by a prairie, varying from ten to twelve miles in width, some portion of which is high, and of a very superior quality. It is surrounded in every direction by a country the most productive in the world, already brought into a state of successful cultivation, and sending to its market, annually, a vast amount of produce of every description for sale, exchange for goods, or shipment, as the case may be. The climate is healthy and salubrious — as much so as any in the west. In 1837, Chicago became an incorporated city, the Act of the Legislature conferring its charter being granted and approved March 4th, of that year. The city is divided into six wards. The first and second wards, divided by Clark Street, are bounded by the south branch, Chicago River, and the Lake — the first ward lying east, and the second west of Clark Street. The third and fourth wards, divided by W. Randolph Street, are situated on the west side of the north and south branches — the third south and the fourth north of W. Randolph street. The fifth and sixth wards, divided by N. Clark St., are bounded by the north branch, Chicago River, and the Lake — the fifth being west and the sixth east of N. Clark St. The government of the city is vested in a Common Council, composed of the Mayor and twelve Aldermen,


two for each ward, all chosen annually. The Common Council, in addition to their other powers and duties, are constituted, by virtue of their office, Commissioners of Common Schools, with power to levy and collect taxes for their support, and to exercise a general supervision over matters pertaining to them. In 1832 and the beginning of 1833, Chicago had about 100 inhabitants and five or six log houses — exclusive of the Fort and its appurtenances. In 1840, the population had increased to 4853. The present population exceeds 7580, and may be said, at this time, to amount to 8000. The period of the greatest prosperity of Chicago was from 1833 to 1837. The revulsions and reverses of '36-7 greatly retarded its growth. It continued, however, though more gradually, to increase in business and resources until '40-1, from which time business received a new impulse, and it is now enjoying a degree of prosperity equal to any former period of its history.

What the destiny of Chicago is to be the future alone can determine. Judging by the past, it seems difficult to assign a limit to its advancement. It presents, undoubtedly, one of the most remarkable instances of sudden rise to commercial importance to be found in our age. So rapid, indeed, has been its growth — with such gigantic strides has it moved onward in its career, that little space is left to mark and calculate the successive stages of its progress. We behold it, from a distant and isolated colony, inhabited only by some five or six families clinging to a lone and solitary military post for protection, and dependent for subsistence upon the uncertain arrival of some chance vessel from Mackinaw, in the short space of eight or ten years, become a mighty city, teeming with a busy and enterprising population, the centre of a widely-extending and flourishing commerce. To those who have been here from the beginning — and there are many among us — the change must be striking — the contrast between what is and what was great indeed. History, in this instance, has assumed the air of romance. Truly has a change come over the spirit of our dream. It seems difficult to reconcile to the mind that the spot, now covered with stately blocks of buildings, and alive in every direction with a busy and eager multitude, actively and profitably employed in the numerous departments of our growing commerce, was, so recently, a low and marshy plain, of which the wild beasts of the prairies were almost the solitary tenants; that but yesterday, comparatively, the wild Indian held here his council-fire, and roamed abroad unmolested in the enjoyment of his native freedom.

A country so recent as this cannot be presumed to afford very abundant materials for history. The incidents, however, connected with the rise and progress of the city, the causes which first gave it an impulse, and the works of public and domestic improvement — upon which its future prosperity depend — together with such events as transpired upon the spot at an early day, may, perhaps, furnish a narrative not altogether uninteresting, and not inconsistent with our present purpose. For a western settlement, Chicago can claim no inconsiderable degree of antiquity. In regard to its earlier history, however, very little can be affirmed with any degree of certainty. The original proprietors and first inhabitants of the region were, of course, the aborigines. The description of the first appearance of the vicinity, by some of its earliest explorers, leads to the belief that they were here from a very early period; that this was then, and from time immemorial had been, the site of an Indian village. Maj. Long, among others, mentions the number and apparent antiquity of the trails centreing here as evidence of the truth of this position. It is to be regretted that so little can be ascertained with certainty of the lives


and fortunes of the various tribes which, at different times, flourished on the spot. The melancholy truth that they have passed away from their ancient dwelling-places constitutes about all we know of them. Those wild races of primitive men have been swept away by the onward march of civilization. Their rude wigwams and bark canoes have given place to the princely dwellings and the stately ships of another and a different class of beings. Chieftain and warrior are gone. It is only occasionally that a miserable remnant find their way back from their new homes in the more distant west to witness the transformation which is going on in this land of their forefathers. Their visits are becoming less and less frequent. Each year witnesses so many changes that soon they will cease to recognize in the scene any semblance of its former self. All will soon be changed — save only the beating of the waves on the shore of the lake, over which man can exercise no control. The Illinois, the Shawnees, and the Pottawatomies will be no more. They may survive for a time beyond the father of waters, or on the shores of the Pacific, but fate seems to have decreed that, ultimately, the whole race are to become extinct.

The French were the original discoverers and settlers of the west. As early as the latter part of the sixteenth century, while the English Colonies were yet clinging to the shores of the Atlantic, almost two hundred years ago, their voyages and expeditions to this region commenced. In a few years they discovered, and, to some extent, settled, the whole vast region from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico — a distance of more than 3000 miles. Their undertaking, at that early day, was one of no little difficulty and danger. It was, nevertheless, commenced with a spirit, and carried on with a degree of perseverance and sagacity, unexampled in the history of adventure. The limits of the present sketch will not permit us to give the details of these expeditions. It would be unpardonable, however, to pass over in silence the exploits of those brave and self-devoted men, through whose exertions the resources and capabilities of the west were first made known. It is to be feared that they have failed to receive, at the hands of posterity, the reward to which their achievements entitle them; that, while we have been lavish of praise upon the discoverers of other portions of our country, we have failed to pay suitable tribute to the memory of these first pioneers in the region we inhabit — these pilgrim fathers of the west. If to penetrate thousands of miles into the heart of a continent, bidding adieu for months to the comforts of home, braving hunger and thirst and the savage, can be said to command our admiration and gratitude, then these men have distinguished claims upon us who are now reaping the fruits of all their toils and sufferings. The earliest of these expeditions, as well as the most distinguished, were those of Marquette and LaSalle. The former occurred in the year 1673, and resulted in the discovery of the Mississippi — the original object and design of the expedition. To this expedition is probably to be ascribed the honor of paying the first visit to Chicago, it being the prevailing opinion that it passed through here on its return to Canada, ascending the Illinois River and crossing to Michigan. Perrot, by some writers, is believed to have been here a few years earlier. The story of Marquette, who voluntarily remained among the Illinois Indians, and found at last a solitary grave on the eastern shore of Michigan, at the month of a river bearing his name, is familiar to all.

With the expedition of LaSalle, in 1680, Chicago cannot be so clearly identified. This expedition, however, was productive of more important consequences to the west, generally, than the preceding one. The Mississippi was navigated to its mouth; forts, at favorable points, erected;


the shores of the great Lakes thoroughly explored, and permanent settlements, at several points, commenced. The expeditions which succeeded those of Marquette and LaSalle were of minor importance, being principally designed to sustain the colonies already planted, and to prosecute the traffic which had previously been entered into with the natives. Although no positive testimony exists on the subject, it is highly probable that Chicago was frequently visited by the French during their passages to and from the west. Having once been here, they must ever after have appreciated the advantages of the situation, both in a commercial and military point of view, — their sagacity in these matters seldom failed them. In their magnificent scheme of a chain of military posts, connecting Canada and the Gulf of Mexico, Chicago, doubtless, formed an important link, being at the head of the Lakes, and affording so many facilities to attain the interior.

The French Colonies in the west, sustained by emigration, continued from the first to prosper and flourish. Under the general name of Louisiana, which they assumed at a later period, they were made the frequent subject of grants from the crown to individuals and companies. About 1717, they are found the property of the celebrated Mississippi Company, which, at the time, gave rise to much speculation throughout Europe. At the close of the French and Indian War, Louisiana was transferred, by treaty, to the British. During the Revolution, the territory comprising the present State of Illinois became, by conquest, the property of Virginia, by which State it was erected into a county, under the name of the County of Illinois.

Virginia, ceded it to the General Government at the time of the cession of western lands by the eastern states. In 1800, the present State of Illinois became a part of Indiana Territory, having a population of about 3000. In 1809, it became a Territory by itself, with a population of 12,282, and, in 1818, was admitted into the Union.

On the 3d of August, 1795, at the treaty held by General Wayne, with the Pottawatomies and other tribes at Greenville, the title to six miles square of territory, at the mouth of Chikajo River, as it is expressed in the treaty, was obtained by the United States. From the language of this treaty, it appears that a fort had formerly stood on the land thus ceded, which renders it pretty certain, that the French, who alone could have required anything of the sort, had made a settlement here, many years before. In 1804, Fort Chicago was built on the site of the present Fort. About the same time, the American Fur Company, having been organized shortly before, established a trading station, under the protection of the Garrison. The little colony thus planted here, some forty years ago, for military and trading purposes, may be regarded as the first attempt to effect a permanent settlement of Chicago. The regular and monotonous life led by this little community, for the first eight years, afforded few incidents worthy of particular notice. In 1812, however, the war broke out with England, the consequences of which were peculiarly disastrous to all the Western settlements, exposed as they were, especially those in Illinois, to the hostility of neighboring tribes of Indians. The causes which conspired to render the Indians hostile at this time, are generally well understood, and may be traced to the machinations of Tecumseh, and other English emissaries, whose influence extended through all the tribes, being felt as far as the remote regions of Lake Superior. Chicago being then an extreme frontier post in this direction, and the country in every direction around it, full of Indians, with a force inadequate to its defence, was considered so much endangered as to require its evacuation.


This being resolved upon at Detroit, Capt. J. Heald, the officer in command here at the time, received an order to abandon the Fort, and proceed with the troops to Fort Wayne. This evacuation, on account of the fatal consequences which followed it, and the fact, that some of our present citizens were themselves here, and had friends here at the time, has always been regarded with interest, and may be considered a memorable event in the annals of Chicago. The transaction may, therefore, not inappropriately be given somewhat in detail, in this connection. Beside the Garrison, there were several families residing here at the time. Mr. John Kinzie, father of John H. Kinzie, Esq., present Register of the Land Office in this City, occupied a house on the North side of the River, a little East of the present site of the Lake House. The evacuation took place on the 15th of August, six days after the reception of the order from Gen. Hull, and the day before the disgraceful surrender of Detroit, by that officer, and not after, as some writers have erroneously represented it. In the meantime, a larger body of Indians, mostly of the Pottawatomie nation, had assembled in the vicinity of the Fort. This has generally been represented as a voluntary movement on the part of the Indians — but the most correct opinion appears to be, that Capt. Heald collected them himself, requiring of them an escort for the troops, and promising to give them the factory stores, a considerable quantity of which, were on hand at the time. Whether this be the fact, or not, some understanding of the kind undoubtedly existed on the part of the Indians, and the non-fulfillment of the agreement, by Capt. Heald, according to their expectations, may have occasioned the line of conduct which they subsequently adopted, which proved fatal to the lives of 55 of the party, and had well-nigh brought about the destruction of the whole. The stores on hand were composed in part of a quantity of liquor, and some arms and amunition. These it was deemed imprudent to give the Indians — and they were destroyed, a part being thrown into the River, and the residue deposited in a well within the Fort. One of the arms thus disposed of, a brass piece, was found a few years since, by some people employed in dredging the River — another, it is said, remains there to this day. The stores not destroyed were distributed to the Indians. Under these circumstances, about nine o'clock, on the morning of the 15th of August, the party, composed of 54 regulars, 12 militia, and several families, amounting in all to about 70 persons, left the Fort, under the escort of Capt. Wells, and about 30 Miami Indians. Their route lay along the beach of the Lake, between the water on the left, and a succession of sand-hills on the right. They had proceeded about a mile and a half from the Fort, and had attained a point a short distance beyond the present residence of Mr. H. B. Clarke, and were advancing, unconscious of danger, when Capt. Wells, who it appears, had strayed for some purpose, some distance from the main body, discovered the Indians in ambush behind the sand-hills. At the same time, another party was seen interposing in the rear, between them and the Fort, which they had just left. The alarm was immediately given — the dead march struck up, and the troops marched directly up the bank, upon the Indians. The action did not commence, as has generally been represented, by firing, on the part of the Indians. After firing one round, the troops charged, and succeeded in dispersing the Indians in front. But the disparity of numbers was too great. The most determined bravery was displayed by the troops, but it could avail little against the superior force opposed to them, protected by the sand-hills


behind which it had entrenched itself. In 15 minutes, nearly the whole party were killed or wounded, and all the baggage in the possession of the enemy. Capt. Heald drew off his men, into the open prairie, and took possession of a slight elevation, out of reach of the bank, and every other cover. The Indians, after some consultation, made signs for Capt. Heald to approach them. He was met by a Pottawatomie Chief, called Blackbird, who requested him to surrender, promising to spare the lives of the whole party, in case of compliance. After some parley, the terms were agreed to, and the arms delivered up. The survivors were marched back to the Indian encampment, near the Fort, about the spot where State Street now opens to the River, and where the present Market is located. Here, some of the prisoners, those who had been wounded, were murdered in the most shocking manner, by the squaws, who appeared to take great delight in exercising their knives and besmearing them in the blood of their unfortunate victims. The small number surviving, were distributed, according to the custom of the savages, among the different members of the tribe. Mr. J. Kinzie, Sen., however, whose family, from the first, had been protected by some friendly chiefs, although he was himself engaged in the action, with the troops — succeeded in procuring the release of Capt. Heald and lady, who were sent by him to St. Joseph, and thence to Mackinaw, whence they made their escape. The remainder of the prisoners were retained, but, it is said, were treated with great kindness, and most of them surrendered to the British, at Detroit, in the following spring. The day following the action, the Indians burnt down the Fort, and dispersed. Such are the leading particulars of this unfortunate action, collected, principally, from an eye-witness of the whole. Capt. Heald has been subjected to much blame, a portion of which was undoubtedly merited. His management of the Indians was injudicious throughout, and the destruction of the stores, to say the least, imprudent. The evacuation, under existing circumstances, was remonstrated against, by Mr. Kinzie and Capt. Wells, both of whom, from long intercourse with the Indians, had become familiar with their character, and were enabled to anticipate and foretell the result which ensued. Capt. Wells had been bred an Indian warrior, and was a brave and skilful soldier. He unfortunately fell early in the action, and was found with his face blackened, after the same manner of the Savages, when they meet with disappointment.

The Fort was rebuilt in 1817, when it took the name of Fort Dearborn. It was occupied, except at short intervals, by a Garrison, until 1837, when, the Indians having generally left the country, it was finally evacuated, and has never since been re-occupied as a military post. It remains in much the same condition as in '37, except the pallisades, which were removed, the past spring, and their place supplied by a handsome fence. It has since been occupied by officers and agents in charge of the public works, and their families. Fort Dearborn being almost the only memento of the past, in the midst of so many creations of the day — the necessity of any alteration in its appearance is to be regretted.

Until 1832, and even so late as 1833, little or nothing was done towards making a commencement of the City — it probably not entering into the imagination of any one, previous to that time, that a town of any importance was to be here at all, at least, not for many years. In 1832, its appearance and condition was much the same as in 1823, when Major Long, who visited the place that year, describes it "as presenting no cheering prospects, and containing but few huts, inhabited by a miserable race of men, scarcely equal to the Indians, from whom they were descended


— and their log or bark houses as low, filthy, and disgusting, displaying not the least trace of comfort, and as a place of business, affording no inducements to the settler — the whole amount of trade on the Lake, not exceeding the cargoes of five or six schooners, even at the time when the Garrison received its supplies from Mackinaw." This picture, though perhaps too highly colored, presents, in the main, a correct view of Chicago, in 1832. In 1830, there had been a sale of Canal lots, the best bringing only fifty or one hundred dollars, many of which have since become the most valuable in the City. Up to about that time, the present most business, and densely populated part of the City, was fenced, and used by the Garrison, for some purpose of husbandry, or pasturage. So late as '35 or '6, the fires usual on the prairies in the fall, overran the third and fourth wards. There were only some five or six houses, built mostly of logs, and a population of less than one hundred.

One of these houses, formerly the property of the Fur Company, was, until a short time past, occupied by Col. Beaubien. About 80 rods to the south of that, stood a house, once occupied by Colonel Owens, but since washed away by the Lake. A house, known as "Cobweb Castle," on block No. 1, was formerly the abode of Dr. Alexander Wolcott.

The dwelling of Mr. John Kinzie stood east of the Lake House. A log building at the corner of Dearborn and South Water Streets, and the once celebrated tavern of Mr. Mark Beaubien, on the site of the Sauganash, generally known as the eagle, together with a building on block 14, and a cabin, occupied by Robinson, the Indian Chief at Wolf Point, constituted all the buildings, except the Fort, to be found here in 1832. Sometime this year, however, Robert A. Kinzie built a store at Wolf Point, the first frame building in Chicago. In 1834, several brick buildings were erected.

The commerce of the place, up to this period, was equally insignificant. In fact, there was none, unless the traffic of the Fur Company, can be dignified with that name. Vessels occasionally ventured here, but so seldom, that the arrival of a schooner was an event of no little moment, and created a sensation throughout the community. The year 1832, may then be regarded as the period from which to date the commencement of the City. Many causes, the Indian war among them, conspired, about this time, to bring Chicago into general notice. What was called the "Western Fever," had begun to rage generally, throughout the country. — Thousands were flocking from the Last, to seek homes in the West. The first premonitions of the speculating mania, had manifested themselves. Eligible sites for towns and cities, were sought out, and eagerly appropriated. The superior advantages of Chicago, in this period of general enquiry, when enterprise was universally aroused, and incited by the hope of sudden wealth, could not long escape public attention.

The attention of Congress had been called to the importance and necessity of a harbor, and an appropriation was confidently relied upon at the next session. Gen. Winfield Scott, who explored the country during the Indian war, took a lively interest in this work, and addressed a letter in relation to it, which was subsequently laid before Congress. The construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal had also been finally resolved upon by the State legislature. Active measures were being taken to survey the different routes, and to estimate the cost of the various plans prepared. Hence the commencement, and completion of this important work at no distant day, might confidently be relied upon. The resources of the State, too, were beginning to be more generally known, and better appreciated. The most alluring reports of the character of the soil — its


productiveness — the facilities for making farms on our prairies — together with the salubrity of the climate, were circulated far and wide. The most strenuous exertions were made, and with the most signal success, to promote emigration. Enterprise, stimulated by interest, and the hope of gain, was aroused, calling forth and concentrating upon this one object, all the resources and capabilities of the age. Capital was enlisted, and credit and unlimited confidence invoked to its aid. Money, owing to excessive bank, and even private issues, was abundant, and loans to any amount were effected with the greatest ease. The west suddenly became the centre of men's thoughts and wishes, and Chicago, as the most important point in the west, the goal to which all directed their aspirations.

Such are some of the prominent causes which may be said, at the period referred to, to have given the first impulse to the city. That it grew and prospered as it did, under their operation, will excite no surprise — the result could not well have been otherwise. Its progress, accordingly, until about 1837, has no parallel — it was rapid in the extreme. Buildings went up as if by magic — stores were opened by the hundred, and speedily filled with merchandise; people of every calling and pursuit in life, laborers, mechanics, and professional men, influenced by a common purpose — the hope of success in their several spheres of action — came together here, and entered at once with a zeal and activity into the schemes of improvement projected. The sale of Canal lots, in 1830, has been already mentioned. In 1833, a great Indian payment was held here, near the present site of the Lake House. In the latter part of this year the work on the harbor was commenced, and, during the same year, the present Light-house was erected, the old one having fallen down. In 1835, the population of the place was said to amount to 5500, a computation which probably included transitory persons, a great many of whom were here at the time. The actual population, however, that year, could not have been much less than 3000. In 1836, another sale of Canal lots took place, which was attended with much excitement, and occasioned a large collection of people from distant quarters. The prices were extravagantly high. In 1836, a branch of the State Bank was located here. On the 4th of July, 1836, the ceremony of breaking the first ground on the Canal took place at Canal Port, in presence of a large concourse of spectators. During the winter of '36-7 the Act to incorporate the City passed the State Legislature, and, in May succeeding, the first election under the Charter was held, which resulted in the choice of Wm. B. Ogden to the office of Mayor. The growth of commerce, thus far, kept pace with everything else. The community were dependent, during the first few years, entirely upon supplies from abroad; this, together with the great influx of emigration, and the travel which began to set in in this direction, gave employment to a considerable amount of shipping, and steamboats and schooners began to ply regularly between this port and Buffalo.

During this brief but exciting period, the community fortunately found time to devote some attention to things of greater importance than the accumulation of this world's goods. Before or during 1836 as many as six churches had been organized, and suitable buildings provided for their accommodation. These churches, together with such as have since been established, have always received a liberal support, and are now in a flourishing condition. Neither was the subject of education wholly neglected. The school section, which, fortunately, lay contiguous to the city, and was proportionately valuable, was disposed of in 1834, and the avails applied


to the support of common schools. Means for the diffusion of general intelligence were also provided.

In 1834, John Calhoun commenced the publication of the Chicago Democrat, and in the following year, Thos. O.Davis established the Chicago American, both of which papers still exist — the latter under the name of the Chicago Express, being published daily. These papers, together with the Prairie Farmer (Agricultural), the Western Citizen (Abolition), the North-Western Baptist (Baptist), and the Better Covenant (Universalist), which have since been started, are ably conducted, and have an extensive circulation.

The year 1837 is especially memorable in the annals of Chicago as the period of protested notes. It was during this year that the consequences of speculation, (?) which had hitherto operated most favorably for the west, were experienced to a most ruinous extent. Chicago was intimately connected with speculation through all its progress. It was in its incipient stages at the period of the commencement of the city, but a disposition and tendency to it was apparent even then. It raged with great violence during '35-6, and a portion of '37, at which time it gave color and direction to most business transactions.

The history of this singular delusion is replete with instructive incidents. It seems unaccountable to the more sober judgment of these times how men, under any circumstances, could have been led so far astray — how prudence, foresight, and sagacity could, to such an extent, have lost their dominion and control over the human mind. But so it was. The rapid and unprecedented rise in the value of real estate, and the certainty of that rise, exerted a most seductive influence; very few were found able to resist the temptation; all classes of people, ultimately abandoning the usual avocations of society, devoted themselves exclusively to speculation, and hazarded their all upon this sea of chance. This wild spirit found its way ultimately into the halls of legislation, and controlled the conduct and policy of states, as it had done that of individuals. It was under the influence of this spirit that those stupendous schemes of internal improvement originated in many of the new states, which have entailed upon subsequent times the evils of debt, taxation, and, in some cases, national disgrace and dishonor. — Speculation led, in short, to the perpetration, on all hands, of acts of folly and absurdity seldom before heard of. The sources of wealth being regarded as inexhaustible, naturally created extravagant ideas of prosperity, and afforded to all the apparent means of indulging in every species of expenditure. It would be useless to follow speculation through its stages, as one act of absurdity succeeded another in rapid succession. — Are not these times and their consequences written in effaceless characters upon the memory of every reader?

But the day of wrath and retribution was at hand. Confidence and credit, too long abused, refused any longer to lend their aid. The unfortunate victims of the delusion were suddenly awakened from their dream of wealth to the certainty of almost universal bankruptcy and ruin. Thousands, suddenly called upon to investigate the condition of their affairs, which, in the excitement of the moment, no one thought it necessary to attend to, found themselves involved to the extent of thousands and hundreds of thousands of dollars, and their real estate, from which alone the means of payment could come, depreciated in value — in fact, unsaleable at any price. Thousands, from affluence, were reduced, without warning or preparation, to poverty; some struggled for a time with their destiny, but the evil day came at last; and scarcely one, ultimately, survived the catastrophe. The comparatively small number of those who


did finally escape the ordeal, it has been observed were indebted more to chance and good luck than to any unusual endowment of prudence and sagacity. The ablest business men of the age — those in whose judgment and capacity in ordinary times we should unhesitatingly repose the most implicit confidence, ventured as far and hazarded as much as any in this dangerous game.

To Chicago, in an especial degree, was the stroke which was thus inflicted upon the business interests of the country injurious and calamtious. It was to her a season of mourning and desolation. Many of her most business and enterprising citizens were insolvent — all, to a greater or less extent, embarrassed in their circumstances. She had gone on hitherto in a state of uninterrupted prosperity — nothing had thus far occurred to heck the progress of improvement. Could that state of prosperity have continued, Chicago would, by this time have ranked among the proudest cities of the land. But calamity came suddenly and unexpectedly; and for a time, she quailed under its effects.

But she was not, and could not be, entirely prostrated. Her position was too favorable, and her redeeming powers too abundant to permit her very long to be seriously affected by any calamity, however great. She had, in common with the west, gained much by speculation. What had been accomplished could not be undone. Her works of improvement survived — her population was left to her, and more than all, her great and inexhaustible natural resources remained to bear her on to the consummation of her high destiny. Her citizens returned to their habits of industry and economy, from which the force of evil example had seduced them. Her business men, taught a severe lesson by the past, bent all their energies, and called into requisition all their experience to build up their injured credit, and to restore their business to a safe and permanent foundation. The consequences began gradually to develop themselves. But little was gained during '38-39; but in '40, things assumed a more favorable aspect, and since that time the increase of business and population has been most rapid. This will be more fully illustrated by a reference to the census of different periods, and to the tabular statements of the amount, value, and character of the export and import trade of the place during each year, contained in another part of this volume.

It is with feelings of pride and satisfaction that the friends of Chicago can refer to the experience of the past six years, as furnishing an enduring monument to the industry, enterprise, and perseverance of her people, and as establishing, beyond controversy, the existence and permanency of her sources of prosperity. If, with an impoverished community, at a period of general prostration of the business interests of the country, under the pressure of heavy municipal and enormous State liabilities, with resources comparatively undeveloped, and the works of public improvement unfinished, Chicago has accomplished so much, what may not reasonably be expected when these and all obstacles are removed from her way?

A glance at her geographical position will convince the most skeptical that Chicago is but the nucleus about which is destined to grow up, at no remote period, one of the most important commercial towns in the west. Situated on the waters of the only great Lake exclusively within the United States — being the termination, on the one hand, of the navigation of the Lakes, and on the other, of the Illinois and Michigan Canal — affording great natural facilities for a harbor, by means of Chicago River and its branches — the excelling site for a capacious ship basin in the very heart of the town, at the junction of said branches — having dependent upon it a region of country vast in extent, and of extraordinary fertility,


it must always be the dividing point between two great sections of the Union, where the productions of each must meet and pay tribute. It is susceptible of the easiest demonstration that the route by the Lakes, the Canal, and the Western Rivers, when once the channels of communication are completed, will, for cheapness, safety, and expedition, possess advantages superior to every other. Among the advantages of this route, the climate, so favorably adapted to the preservation of produce, deserves especial notice.

The commercial interests, then, of the east, and especially of the great valley of the west, will be intimately connected with Chicago, as a place of transshipment and deposit — and the value and amount of trade in produce, in lumber, salt, and in every description of merchandize which will centre here, is beyond our present powers of computation, and can only be measured by the future wants and capabilities of the country.

Those important works — the harbor and canal — upon which so many interests depend, justly demand the most serious consideration; and it is highly gratifying to allude to their present most flattering prospects. It is now reduced almost to a certainty, that Chicago, after the expenditure of so much solicitude, and a large amount of money, is speedily to be furnished with a safe, commodious, and permanent harbor. Under the supervision of our present able superintendent, the work is prosecuted with a degree of vigor that must be crowned with success.

The principal difficulty encountered during the progress of the harbor has been occasioned by the deposition of sand and the formation of bars at its mouth. The plans heretofore adopted to surmount this difficulty have failed upon trial, and are now abandoned. Two plans have been proposed the present season, which have attracted considerable attention. One of these, suggested by Captain J. McClellan, the present superintendent, recommends the construction of a pier north of the present ones, at a distance from them greater than the length of the present bar, and is based upon the supposition that the sand would form a bar around its head, and not reach the entrance of the harbor. The other plan, which has been adopted, and is now being carried into effect, proposes the extension of the north pier, in the form of a circle, a distance of 990 feet, which will bring it into the line of the original direction of that pier. A good channel for vessels of every class will then exist from the head of the south pier, around the bar, that pier being extended no farther into the Lake. If this plan succeed, Chicago will be furnished with a harbor, not inferior to any on the Lakes.

We have the most flattering assurance that the work upon our other and Hut less important branch of public improvement — the Illinois and Michigan Canal — will be resumed the coming season, under the operation of the late law of the Legislature. The history of this great work, which was contemplated from the first settlement of the State, and has been the subject of legislation for more than twenty years, presents a remarkable instance of the obstacles which frequently oppose the accomplishment of the greatest undertakings. The first survey of the canal was made in 1823. In 1825, a bill was passed to incorporate the Illinois and Michigan Canal Company; but no stock being taken under the charter, it was repealed at the next special session. In 1827, act of March 2, Congress appropriated each alternate section of land within five miles of the proposed line. In 1829, a board of commissioners was organized, with power to determine upon the route, and to discharge other duties connected with the work. Chicago, Ottawa, and other towns on the line, were laid out by the board, and sales of lots effected. The work was


commenced in the year 1836, and was suspended in 1842. The law under which this work was contracted, provides that the canal shall be 60 feet wide at the surface, 40 feet at the base, and six feet deep; that it shall commence at Chicago, on canal land, and terminate at the mouth of the Little Vermillion River, making a distance of 95 1/2 miles. It was to be constructed upon the deep cut principle, and to be fed from the waters, of Lake Michigan. By a recent survey, a method has been discovered by which it is believed that a sufficient supply of water can be procured from Fox River for a canal upon the shallow cut plan. The sum of about $5,000,000 has thus far been expended upon the work. To complete it upon the plan contemplated by the late law, about $1,600,000 more has been estimated to be necessary. If that law goes into effect, as present appearances seem clearly to indicate, the canal will be finished in about three years. We shall then have the greatest continuity of inland water communication in the world — extending from the Atlantic Ocean by the Erie Canal, along the chain of Lakes, through our canal, the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers, to the Gulf of Mexico. This will be a glorious consummation for Illinois, and for every interest connected with her. The vast resources connected with the canal itself, the resources which it will develope throughout the State, will enable her in a short time to discharge all her debts — to establish her credit — and to redeem her reputation. Already has the prospect of the completion of this work effected a revolution in public sentiment, and has caused emigration to set strongly in this direction. The reports which have been circulated in regard to the circumstances and prospects of the State have been discovered, upon examination, to be founded in falsehood and misrepresentation. The public are now satisfied that the climate is as healthy and salubrious as any portion of the west — that the soil is infinitely superior — that our taxes, even under the effect of that severe ordeal through which we have passed, uniformly have been less than any of the adjoining States and Territories — and that the prospects of the value of real estate, the high price of produce, and the facilities of a convenient market, will render it the most desirable State in the Union. We may trust that the day is not far distant when Illinois will assume her proper position among the States of the Union — when her friends will be enabled to hurl back the imputations which have been cast upon her character — when she can no longer, with a shadow of truth or justice, be stigmatized as the land of speculators and repudiation! Until then, she must calmly bide her time.

In conclusion of our subject, it may be proper to refer more particularly to some important considerations and facts connected with the present condition of Chicago, hitherto only incidentally alluded to.

The city, for some time past, has been considerably embarrassed with debt, in consequence of the necessity which has existed of borrowing money to carry on its works of improvement. The existing liabilities of the city amount to $8977.55, viz.: bonds to Strachan & Scott, $5000; bonds for Clark Street Bridge, $3000; bonds for barrier to the Lake, and interest, $977.55. The increasing revenues derived from taxation and other sources will soon afford the means to extinguish these liability entirely. The tax of the present year, at the rate of assessment of this year, amounts to $7852.45 ; the school tax, at half a mill per cent., to $685.24. A large amount of city property, which heretofore has been unproductive, will, the next year, become taxable, particularly the Canal lands and the reservation. The amount of the tax for the coming year, unless a reduction should take place, may safely be estimated at $12,000. In addition to this, there is now in the treasury, unappropriated, $1854,


and the current expenses paid. The management of the fiscal affairs of the city, by our present common council, is entitled to the highest praise. The financial ability of the mayor has been recently tested in the management of a negotiation at New York, by which a reduction of three per cent. has been effected upon the interest of the largest debt of the city, and may be regarded as equivalent to a new loan. The credit of the city is now established upon a permanent foundation, and cannot be easily shaken. City scrip for some time has been at par.

Our common schools are worthy of especial notice. They are sustained in part by the school fund, and in part by taxation. The fund originally amounted to about $39,000; but nearly one-half of this amount has been lost by injudicious loans. These schools are justly the pride of the city, and the interest which is manifested in them is an evidence of the importance which the community attaches to education. We have also a medical college chartered by the Legislature in 1837, and several schools sustained by private munificence. Independent of these, we have several other institutions, which are exerting a beneficial influence. Among them, the Mechancis' Institute and the Young Men's Association are prominent in importance. These institutions, while sustained as they have been hitherto, will be both useful and ornamental to the city. Both of them have libraries, containing, in the aggregate, about 2500 volumes. The Mechanics' Institute has a department in the Prairie Farmer, devoted exclusively to the interests of the mechanical arts, — the Young Men's Association a reading room, where most of the publications of the day are regularly received, and accessible to the public. There is, in addition to these libraries, a circulating library, containing about 1500 volumes. We have other societies designed to meet the intellectual wants of the community, among which may be mentioned the Chicago Lyceum — the oldest literary society in the place. Our theatre — a very pretty one — has been in operation the past season, and met with some encouragement; but it must be confessed that, at present, the prospects of the drama are not flattering.

The book making and publishing business has been commenced under favorable auspices. In illustration of the condition of this department of trade, we may allude to the third volume of Mr. SCAMMON'S REPORTS OF THE SUPREME COURT, printed by Messrs. ELLIS & FERGUS, and now about ready for publication. The fact that the execution of this volume is equal, if not superior to the two former ones, which were issued from two of the best presses of the East, is highly creditable to our city, and must be gratifying to the profession generally.

In facilities for the accommodation of the travelling public, Chicago has made great progress. In early times our inns were miserable in the extreme. Now we have eighteen hotels and houses of public entertainment, some of them large and splendid establishments, not inferior to any in the West. The great amount of travel passing through here during the season of navigation renders tavern keeping a very profitable branch of business.

An extensive staging business has grown up here, and may be referred to as an instance of enterprise and public spirit on the part of those engaged in it. The several lines of stages centring here, for speed, safety, and comfort, are not excelled by any in the country.

The Hydraulic Company, designed to supply the city with pure water from the Lake, was incorporated in 1836, and has already been the source of great utility to the city, both in supplying water for domestic purposes, and for the extinguishment of fires. The stock is owned principally by merchants, and in time must become the source of great profit.


Ship building has been carried on here to some extent. A steam propeller, registering 270 tons, was built the past season, and a schooner of about 200 tons burthen, to be called the Maria, is now in process of construction by the same builder, and will probably be launched in the spring.

It will be seen by reference to the statistical tables of this year, that a large amount of beef has been packed here the present season. We have four large packing-houses, and all of them have done a heavy business thus far. The pork-packing is only just commencing, but will, it is thought, be extensive.

Much might be said in commendation of our Fire Companies — all of which are highly efficient, and bespeak the public spirit of our citizens. Our Military Companies will speak for themselves.

Considering the age of the city, and the fact that our population has been derived from almost every nation under heaven, and speak so many different languages — the existing state of its society confers distinction upon Chicago. Among the new cities of the west, we shall be entitled, in this particular, at the present time, to an enviable position; the means now adopted to improve the condition of society will, at no distant day, enable us to rank with any city in the land. Our citizens have always been distinguished for intelligence and morality — and for the uniform observance of all the proprieties of life. Our common schools, as the means of educating the rising generation, have always been regarded with the deepest interest, have been abundantly provided with the means of their support, and are conducted with great ability. The most scrupulous care is exercised, on the part of the inspectors of public instruction, in the selection of teachers; the schools are subjected to frequent examination — and their exists much emulation among the teachers.

The most becoming respect is paid to the institutions and forms of public worship. Our numerous churches and religious societies enable everyone to worship God according to the dictates of conscience. Whatever opinions may be entertained in regard to religion, it will he acknowledged that a decent respect for its ordinances is greatly promotive of the well-being and prosperity of any community.

The peace and good order of society is worthy of remark. — Brawls and affrays are extremely rare in our streets — and it may justly be said, that a more peaceable and quiet population can no where be found.

It will be impossible in this connection to mention particularly all the institutions which testify the public spirit and benevolence of the community. Reference, however, can be had to subsequent parts of the book, where they are more particularly described.

We have now followed our subject to its conclusion. We have attempted to exhibit Chicago as it was in gone-by days — to mark the successive stages of its progress — and to delineate its condition at the present time.

We have reason to be proud of our city — not so much on account of its relative size among the other cities of the land — of its present population — and the amount and value of its commerce — but as affording a sublime illustration of what man, under circumstances of great difficulty and embarrassment, can accomplish in a short space of time.

In the hope that its future history may be worthy of the past — that the experience of the next and each succeeding year may justify our favorable predictions of it in regard to its high destiny — we must, for the present, hid adieu to the QUEEN CITY OF THE NORTH-WEST.


Port of Chicago.

Revenue Office, 38 Clark Street.

The following tabular statements will exhibit, with an approach to accuracy, the amount and value of the trade of Chicago, to the close of the present year, 1843. A very serious difficulty has existed, heretofore in ascertaining the actual amount of exports and imports of the place, especially the exports, owing to the fact, that a great many vessels arrive and depart, during the season of navigation, without being reported at the Custom House, or leaving any evidence of the character and amount of their cargoes. The existence of this difficulty was more particularly set forth in a memorial of the Common Council to Congress, in the year 1840, in which they allow a deduction of one-third from the amount known, to be added, for the amount unknown. It has been though advisable, in the following statement, to give only the actual amount, as ascertained from record in the revenue office, it being understood, from the above explanation, that the estimate is considerably below the true amount:

1836 $1,000.64 1836 $325,203.90
1837 11,065.00 1837 373,667.12
1838 16,044.75 1838 579,174.61
1839 33,843.00 1839 630,980.26
1840 228,635.74 1840 562,106.20
1841 348,362.24 1841 564,347.88
1842 659,305.20 1842 664,347.88
Wheat, 586,907 bushels. Flour, 2,920 bbls.
Corn, 35,358 " Beef, 762 "
Oats, 53,486 " Pork and Hams, 15,447 "
Peas, 484 " Fish, 915 "
Barley, 1,090 " Lard, 367,200 lbs.
Flax Seed, 750 " Tallow, 151,300 "
Hides, No. of 6,947 Soap, 2,400 "
Brooms, No. of 5,587 Candles, 500 "
Maple Sugar, 4,500 lbs. Tobacco, 3,000 "
Lead, 59,990 " Butter, 24,200 "
Feathers, 2,409 " Wool, 1,500 "
Furs and Peltries 446 Packs.  
Wheat 628,967 bushels. Tobacco 74,900 pounds.
Corn 2,443 " Lead 360,000 "
Oats 3,767 " Wool 22,050 "
Flax seed 1,920 " Candles 4,900 "
Pork 11,112 barrels. Soap 5,300 "
Lard 2,823 " Packages Furs 393 "
Beef 10,380 " Brooms 180 dozen
Tallow 1,133 " Flour 10,786 barrels.
Hides 14,536 "    


Merchandise 2,012 tons Shingles 4,117,025
" " 101,470 pkgs. Square timber 16,600 feet
Salt 27,038 barrels Staves, 57,000
Whiskey 2,585 " Bark 430 cords
Lumber 7,545,142 feet    
Vessels arrived and cleared during the years 1842-3:
  Arrived. Cleared. Total. Aggregate Tons.
1842. 705 705 1410 117,711
1843. 756 691 1447 289,852

A number of vessels left port this year, without being reported.

During the present season, 14,856 barrels of beef have been packed at the several packing houses in the City; only a small portion of this has been exported. The quantity of hides and tallow is not known, but will bear a proportion to the quantity of beef. An amount of pork will be put up here the coming winter, greatly exceeding any former season. No statement in regard to this department, can be made in this connection, as the business is but just commencing.


Ward, 1st. 2d. 3d. 4th. 5th. 6th. Totals. Totals.
10 yrs and under, 245 284 57 65 100 257 1008  
Over 10 and under 21, 146 133 41 36 63 143 562  
Over 21 and under 45, 627 614 130 102 155 439 2067  
Over 45 and under 60, 25 39 7 8 9 40 128  
Over 60, 5 8 2 2 0 10 27  
10 yrs and under, 217 271 87 64 98 280 1017  
Over 10 and under 21, 186 183 31 27 37 166 630  
Over 21 and under 45, 398 384 94 73 106 338 1393  
Over 45 and under 60, 27 29 7 6 11 36 116  
Over 60, 7 7 1 1 2 16 34  
Colored males under 21, 2 6 0 0 0 4 12  
Colored males over 21, 9 14 2 2 0 3 30  
Colored females under 21 3 4 0 0 0 3 10  
Colored females over 21 2 9 0 0 0 2 13 65
Transient persons, 87 246 50 28 19 103 533 533
Population 1843, 1986 2231 509 414 600 1840 7580 7580
Population 1840, 1197 1467 251 179 436 1323 4853  
Increase, 789 764 258 235 164 517 2727  
Whole number of Families, 1177
Number of Irish, 170 206 29 50 175 143 773  
Germans & Norwegians, 104 217 32 21 90 352 816  
Natives other countries, 134 156 80 84 50 163 667  
Americans, 1578 1652 368 259 285 1182 5324 7580


The Annals of Chicago.

(From the Chicago Inter-Ocean.)

A lecture delivered before the Chicago Lyceum, Jan. 21, 1840, by JOSEPH N. BALESTIER. Republished from the original edition of 1840, with an introduction written by the author in 1876, and also a review of the lecture published in the Chicago Tribune in 1872. Chicago: Fergus Printing Company.

The lecture here reprinted met with much favor in its day, and has since received the honor of being advertised for by the British Museum. The author, now a hale old gentleman, living in Vermont, writes an exceedingly witty and interesting introduction, and the entire brochure will prove a veritable treasure to the true lover of Chicago, its ancient history, and its wonderful progress and possibilities. The entire story reads like some tale of Arabian enchantment, but truth is strange — stranger than fiction — and while the Chicagoan of 1840 crossed at Clark street in a scow ferry-boat, and the city boasted its 4479 inhabitants, the citizen of to-day parades the finest streets upon the continent, and forms but a small atom among the 525,000 human beings who swarm within our gates. Mr. Balestier estimates the population to be in 1911 at 2,000,000, and we must admit that his logic is founded upon very solid premises. He notes an interesting fact, that the editors in those days wrote sharp — not to say abusive — squibs against each other, and makes the following remark, which must be taken, we fear, with a considerable number of grains of common salt: "Among the moral prodigies of the past thirty-five years is the total disappearance of all scurrility and injustice from the newspapers. This is notably the case in Chicago, where all is courtesy and respect between editors; where everything is fair in politics; and the scriptural question, ‘Art thou in health, my brother?’ is always scripturally put." The lecture is an excellent historical condensation, and is not only well written, but exceedingly readable. It seems a little surprising that its author, who, upon his own showing, is only 61 years of age, has not been invited to come and repeat his lecture in the heart of the city whose greatness he predicted thirty-six years ago.

The "ANNALS OF CHICAGO," a lecture delivered by Joseph N. Balestier, Esq., issued in neat pamphlet form by Fergus Printing Company, of this city, comes to our table. It is a very valuable document, relating to the early and continued history of this, the liveliest city in the world. It should be in every library in the State. — Pomeroy's Democrat.


(From the Chicago Tribune.)


Such is the title of a lecture before the Chicago Lyceum, Jan. 21, 1840, by J. N. Balestier; with an introduction by the author, written in 1876; and also a review of the lecture by a correspondent of THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; just republished by the Fergus Printing Company, of this city. The lecture has been out of print for several years; but a correspondent of the TRIBUNE found a copy in the State Library at Madison, Wis., and Mr. R. Fergus has done an excellent service to the city by having a copy made, and republishing it. Probably not one in a thousand of our present citizens knew that such a lecture was ever delivered. It was well and ably done; and, as it is the oldest thing of the kind extant, and its contents are comprehensive and valuable, we hope it will be so widely distributed in our private and public libraries that there will be no danger of all the copies being destroyed in any fire that may hereafter occur in the history of the city.

The first number of "The Annals of Chicago" has been received from the Fergus Printing Company, who are to be credited with issuing a very handsome piece of typography. This first number of the "Annals" covers a lecture delivered in 1840, by Joseph N. Balestier, on the early history of the city. The lecture, with introduction and notes, makes a cheerful pamphlet of forty-eight pages, covering much valuable and hitherto inaccessible information. The same publishers propose soon to issue a complete "Directory of the City of Chicago" in 1839. — The Chicago Tribune.
CHICAGO, January 15, 1876.

Dear Sir: — I am greatly indebted to you for your kind consideration in sending me "The Annals of Chicago," with Introduction, etc., by Mr. Balestier, and Notes. You have done a good work in this republication. I knew Mr. B. very well, although I did not hear the lecture. At that time I was residing on my farm in Will County, having been driven there by failing health, in 1839, after a residence of six years in Chicago.

To the first settlers of Chicago everything relating to its early history possesses peculiar interest, and so to them at least your pamphlet is a treasure.
Yours very truly,



1. Executed for the murder of Mrs. Thompson, July 10, 1840, near the south-west cor. of 29th street and South Park ave. 1/2 mile west of the Lake.

2. Destroyed by fire, and 12 adjoining buildings, on Sunday morning, at 1 o'clock, Oct. 27th, 1839. Ira Couch, proprietor.

3. In 1876, it is three and a half miles east and west, and six miles north and south.

4. East side of Rush Street, from North Water to Michigan Streets.

5. South of Sixteenth Street.

6. Now Bridgeport.